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PIB 22nd January 2021


  1. Smart Anti Airfield Weapon
  2. MEITY’s Rapid Assessment System (RAS)
  3. Dombari community
  4. Shramshakti


Focus: GS 3; Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

Why in News?

Successful Flight Test of Smart Anti Airfield Weapon

About Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW)

  • DRDO successfully conducted captive and release trial of indigenously developed Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) from Hawk-I of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) off the Odisha coast on 21 January 2021. 
  • The DRDO Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) is a long-range precision-guided anti-airfield weapon currently developed by India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  • It is designed to be capable of engaging ground targets with high precision up to a range of 100 kilometres (62 mi).
  • The SAAW project was approved by the Government of India in 2013.
  • The first successful test of the weapon was conducted in May 2016.
  • The smart weapon was successfully test fired from Indian Hawk-Mk132 of HAL.
  • This was the 9th successful mission of SAAW conducted by DRDO till now.
  • It was a text book launch, which met all mission objectives.
  • The telemetry and tracking systems installed at Interim Test Range (ITR), Balasore captured all the mission events.
  • SAAW is indigenously designed and developed by DRDO’s Research Centre Imarat (RCI) Hyderabad.
  • This is 125 Kg class smart weapon, capable of engaging ground enemy airfield assets such as radars, bunkers, taxi tracks, and runways etc. up to a range of 100 kms.
  • The high precision guided bomb is light weight as compared to weapon system of the same class.
  • The weapon was earlier successfully test fired from Jaguar aircraft.

MEITY’s Rapid Assessment System (RAS)

Focus: GS 2;Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Why in News?

Government utilizes MEITY’s Rapid Assessment System (RAS) for processing feedback on Covid Vaccination. India’s biggest vaccination drive – Co-Win vaccination – collecting the feedback of experience using RAS platform.

About MEITY’s Rapid Assessment System (RAS)

  • Under the Covid Vaccination drive, the Government of India is using ‘Rapid Assessment System (RAS)’, a platform developed by Ministry of Electronics & IT (MeitY) for taking feedback from those who get vaccinated.
  • National e-Governance Division, Ministry of Electronics & IT,  developed Rapid Assessment System (RAS) for online instant feedback for e-services (online as well as offline through counters) delivered by the Government of India and State Governments.
  • The main objective of RAS is to continuously assess the quality of eServices, through feedback, under each e-Governance project and realign processes to achieve targeted benefits.
  • RAS interface prompts the citizens to provide feedback about the quality of service immediately after the citizen avails an eService of the Government.
  • The analytic features of RAS help integrated departments in system improvement and better delivery of services.
  • This initiative to utilize RAS platform is aimed at improving the vaccination experience for citizens, while ensuring that all norms are being followed during the vaccination process at all vaccination centres.
  • This feedback system will help the Government to make the vaccination process more citizen-friendly. 
  • Registered mobile numbers and names of those vaccinated on a day are sent to RAS system by Co-WIN platform at midnight. RAS system prepares a unique URL for feedback questions and sends personalized SMSs to all beneficiary of that day. SMS contains the name of the person, dose (first/ second), and a unique URL.
  • The sender ID used for SMS is “GOVRAS”. 
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Please click on this link for detailed explanation about CO-WIN


Focus: GS 1; Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Why in News?

Even at 85, Shantabai performs street acts and helps sustain the legacy of Dombari community: Director Pratik Gupta.“I was determined to bring out the innocence and boldness of the Dombari community”

About Dombari Community

  • The Dombari community is known for its street circus acts such as juggling acts on street like walking on ropes and risky somersaults.
  • The Dombaris are distributed across India.
  • They are referred to as Bhorpi in Konkan, Gopals in districts like Satara and Sangli, and Dombari in western Maharashtra.
  • Though they live on streets and are nomadic, they are innocent and bold.


Focus: GS 2; Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

Why in News?

Ministry of Tribal Affairs Virtually Launches “Shramshakti” Digital Data Solution for Migrant Workers

About Shramshakti

  • The Union Minister of Tribal Affairs Shri Arjun Munda virtually through Video Conference launched “ShramShakti”, a National Migration Support Portal at a programme held at Panjim, Goa.
  • It would effectively help in the smooth formulation of state and national level programs for migrant workers. 
  • A tribal migration cell, a tribal museum at Goa and “ShramSaathi”, a training manual for migrant workers.
  • The lack of real time data of migrants was the biggest challenge for state and national governments in formulating effective strategies and policy decisions for welfare of migrant workers at both source and destination states.
  • Migrants all over the country had to face after lockdown was announced due to the pandemic caused by corona virus.
  • The migration of tribal population is distress-driven and the migrants are exposed to difficult and unsafe conditions.
  • Sometimes they face trafficking or wages harassment issues including many occupational hazards at the work place
  • The tribal migration repository, Shram Shakti would be able to successful able to address the data gap and empower migrant workers who generally migrate in search of employment and income generation.
  • It would also help the government for linking the migrant population with existing Welfare Scheme- under Atam Nirbhar Bharat. 
  • The various data that will be recorded via Shram Shakti include demographic profile, livelihood options, skill mapping and migration pattern.
  • The tribal training module- ShramSaathi, to ensure that the process of livelihood migration is safe and productive.
  • Tribal migrant workers often have low awareness about their rights and entitlements and ways to access services and social security in source and destination areas
  • After training via this module, tribal migrant workers will be able to demand and access services, rights and entitlements related to livelihood and social security at their village before migration, as well after migration at destination towns and cities.

December 2023