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PIB Summaries 03 August 2023

CONTENTS

  1. eSanjeevani
  2. Yudh Abhyas
  3. Gender Inclusion Fund (GIF)

eSanjeevani


Context:

Union Health Minister recently informed the Rajya Sabha that the Centre’s telemedicine application eSanjeevani has completed 14,17,81,384 teleconsultations.

Relevance:

GS III- Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is E-Sanjeevani?
  2. Benefits of telemedicine

What is E-Sanjeevani?

  • Ministry eevani AB-HWC) in the hub and spoke model and patient to doctor (eSanjeevani OPD).
  • E-Sanjeevani OPD (out-patient department) is a telemedicine variant for the public to seek health services remotely; it was rolled out on 13th of April 2020 during the first lockdown in the country.
  • e-Sanjeevani OPD is a Govt of India flagship telemedicine platform developed by the Centre for Development of Advance Computing (C-DAC), Mohali under the aegis of MoHFW, Govt of India.
  •  It provides free consultations to any Indian citizen.
  • However, with covid cases surging, the demand for doctors is up while the supply has reduced due to doctors being pulled out for covid ward duties. 
  • It enables virtual meetings between the patients and doctors & specialists from geographically dispersed locations, through video conferencing that occurs in real-time.
  • At the end of these remote consultations, eSanjeevani generates electronic prescriptions which can be used for sourcing medicines.
  • Andhra Pradesh was the first state to roll out eSanjeevani AB-HWC services in November 2019.
Benefits of telemedicine
  • Transportation: Patients can avoid spending gas money or wasting time in traffic with video consultations.
  • No missing work: Today, individuals can schedule a consultation during a work break or even after work hours.
  • Childcare/Eldercare Challenges: Those who struggle to find care options can use telemedicine solutions.

Yudh Abhyas


Context:

Armies of India and the United States will begin another edition of their joint military exercise ‘Yudh Abhyas’ at Fort Wainwright in Alaska.

Relevance:

GS III: Security challenges 

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Yudh Abhyas: India-USA Joint Military Exercise
  2. Yudh Abhyas 2023 (19th Edition)
  3. List of Other India-USA Exercises

Yudh Abhyas: India-USA Joint Military Exercise

  • Yudh Abhyas is an annual joint military exercise conducted between the armies of India and the USA.
  • The exercise has been held continuously since 2004, aiming to foster cooperation, share training, and enhance joint operating skills.

Yudh Abhyas 2023 (19th Edition):

  • The 2023 edition is the 19th iteration of the joint exercise, hosted alternately between India and the USA.
  • The training will focus on the deployment of an integrated battle group under Chapter VII of the UN Mandate.
  • Various operations related to peacekeeping, peace enforcement, and Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR) will be practiced.
  • Swift and coordinated relief efforts in response to natural calamities will be practiced by troops from both nations.
  • The exercise will involve the employment of a coalition-integrated battle group in challenging mountainous and extreme climatic conditions, incorporating elements like heliborne or airborne operations.
List of Other India-USA Exercises:
  • Army: Vajra Prahar (Joint Special Forces Exercise)
  • Navy: MALABAR (Multilateral Naval Exercise)
  • Air Force: Cope India, Red Flag (Multilateral Air Exercises)

Gender Inclusion Fund (GIF)


Context:

Recently, the Minister of State for Education informed the Lok Sabha about the Gender Inclusion Fund (GIF), mentioned in the National Education Policy (NEP), 2020. 

Relevance:

GS II: Education

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Gender Inclusion Fund (GIF)
  2. Interventions for Girls’ Education under Samagra Shiksha
  3. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs)

Gender Inclusion Fund (GIF):

  • The Gender Inclusion Fund (GIF) aims to ensure high-quality education for all children, with a focus on promoting gender inclusion.
  • It seeks to address concerns related to Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Groups (SEDGs), including females and transgender individuals.
  • The fund will be utilized to provide necessary amenities, such as secure and sanitary vending machines, to enhance educational infrastructure.
National Education Policy (NEP) and Gender Inclusion:
  • The NEP emphasizes “Equitable and Inclusive Education,” aiming to ensure that no child is left behind due to socio-cultural identities.
  • It recognizes the concerns of Socio-Economically Disadvantaged Groups (SEDGs) and promotes gender as a cross-cutting priority for achieving gender equality in education.
  • Specific provisions under Samagra Shiksha 2.0, part of NEP, allocate dedicated resources for SEDGs, including girls.

Interventions for Girls’ Education under Samagra Shiksha:

  • Opening of schools in the neighborhood to facilitate access for girls.
  • Provision of free uniforms and textbooks for girls up to class VIII.
  • Appointment of additional teachers, including women teachers, to ensure quality education.
  • Stipend for girls with special needs (CWSN) from class I to XII.
  • Construction of separate toilets for girls for improved sanitation and hygiene.
  • Sensitization programs for teachers to promote girls’ participation.
  • Development of gender-sensitive teaching-learning materials, including textbooks.

 

Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs):

  • KGBVs are residential schools for girls from disadvantaged groups, such as SC, ST, OBC, Minority, and Below Poverty Line (BPL) categories.
  • These schools cater to classes VI to XII and are established in Educationally Backward Blocks to reduce gender gaps in education.

 

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