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PIB Summaries 05 December 2022


  1. Graded Response Action Plan
  2. Dr Rajendra Prasad

Graded Response Action Plan

Focus: GS III: Environment and Ecology

Why in News?

Stage III of revised Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) invoked in Delhi-NCR with immediate effect.

What is the Graded Response Action Plan?

  • GRAP is a set of emergency measures that kick in to prevent further deterioration of air quality once it reaches a certain threshold.
    • Stage 1 of GRAP is activated when the AQI is in the ‘poor’ category (201 to 300), for instance, the AQI in Delhi was 211.
    • The second, third and fourth stages will be activated three days ahead of the AQI reaching the ‘very poor’ category (301 to 400), ‘severe’ category (401 to 450) and ‘severe +’ category (above 450) respectively.
  • For this, the CAQM is relying on air quality and meteorological forecasts by the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) and the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • Measures being imposed under the previous categories will continue even when the subsequent category is activated, that is, if measures under Stage-2 are activated, measures under Stage-1 will continue to remain in place.

Click Here To Read More: Graded Response Action Plan

Dr Rajendra Prasad Birth Annivarsary

Focus: GS I: History

Why in News?

President of India Pays Homage to Dr Rajendra Prasad on his Birth Anniversary.

About Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji

  • Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji was an Indian independence activist, lawyer, scholar and subsequently, the first President of India, in office from 1950 to 1962.
  • He was the first President of India and served in office from 1952 to 1962.
  • He was highly influenced by the beliefs of Mahatma Gandhi and became supporter of Mahatma Gandhi’s beliefs and thinking.
  • Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji played an instrumental role in forming the Bihari Students Conference at the hall of Patna College in 1906.
  • Dr Rajendra Prasad Ji officially joined the Indian National Congress in 1911, during its annual session held in Calcutta.
  • He was a lawyer by profession and proved to be an influential leader during the Indian freedom struggle. He left his law practice to join the movement along with Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
  • He was jailed multiple times by the British – once in 1931 for participating in the Salt Satyagraha Movement, and once in 1942 for being an active member of the Quit India Movement.
  • He died on 28th February 1963 after suffering from illness for 6 months. He spent his last few days in Sadaqat Ashram situated in Patna.
  • He was the recipient of the highest national honor, the Bharat Ratna.
A list of the books written by Dr. Rajendra Prasad are given below:
  • Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences
  • Satyagraha at Champaran
  • Atmakatha
  • Division of India
  • Since Independence

December 2023