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PIB Summaries 10 June 2024

  1. NHAI Invites Expressions of Interest for GNSS-based Toll Collection


Context:

NHAI has invited expressions of interest (EoIs) from around the world for the implementation of GNSS-based (satellite-based) electronic toll collection to provide a seamless and barrier-free tolling experience for National Highways users.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

About GNSS-based Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) System:

  • Definition:
    • The GNSS-based Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) system is a barrier-free electronic toll collection method that leverages Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) technology to monitor vehicles and compute tolls based on the distance traveled on tolled highways.
  • Working Mechanism:
    • Satellite Tracking:
      • The system uses satellites or satellite constellations to track vehicle movements and calculate tolls according to the distance covered on tolled highways.
    • OBU Technology:
      • Vehicles equipped with GNSS-enabled On-Board Units (OBUs) are charged based on the distance they travel on tolled stretches.
  • Implementation Plans:
    • The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) aims to integrate the GNSS-based ETC system with the existing FASTag ecosystem. Initially, a hybrid model will be used where both RFID-based ETC and GNSS-based ETC will function simultaneously.
Significance:
  • Efficiency:
    • Facilitates smooth vehicle movement on National Highways by eliminating physical barriers at toll booths.
  • User Experience:
    • Offers a barrier-less, free-flow tolling experience, making travel hassle-free.
  • Cost-Effective:
    • Implements distance-based tolling, ensuring users are charged only for the distance they travel.
  • Enhanced Collection:
    • Improves toll collection efficiency by minimizing leakages and reducing toll evasion.

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