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PIB Summaries 11 June 2024

  1. NHA Achieves Milestone in OPD Registrations
  2. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana


Context:

Recently, the National Health Authority (NHA) has achieved a milestone of generating over 3 crore tokens for Out-Patient Department (OPD) registrations through the ABHA-based Scan and Share service.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. National Health Authority’s (NHA) Recent Milestone in OPD Registrations
  2. National Health Authority (NHA)

National Health Authority’s (NHA) Recent Milestone in OPD Registrations

  • Achievement: The NHA has successfully generated over 3 crore tokens for Out-Patient Department (OPD) registrations using the ABHA-based Scan and Share service.
  • Convenience: This service allows patients to effortlessly register for OPD appointments by scanning a QR code displayed at the OPD registration counter.
  • Benefits: It has eliminated the need for patients to wait in long queues for appointments, especially aiding vulnerable groups such as the elderly, pregnant women, and those with mobility challenges.
  • Regional Success: Uttar Pradesh has generated the maximum number of tokens, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Launch: This service was introduced under the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) in 2022.
  • ABHA: ABHA is a unique 14-digit number designed to link all health records of an individual, aiming to create a comprehensive digital health ecosystem and promote the digitisation of healthcare.

National Health Authority (NHA):

  • Responsibilities:
    • Apex body implementing Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY).
    • Tasked with designing strategy, building technological infrastructure, and implementing the “National Digital Health Mission” to create a National Digital Health Eco-system.
  • Evolution and Autonomy:
    • Successor of the National Health Agency, reconstituted as the National Health Authority in January 2019.
    • Originally functioned as a registered society and transitioned to full functional autonomy.
  • Structure and Governance:
    • Attached office of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
    • Governed by a Governing Board chaired by the Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare.
    • Headed by a Chief Executive Officer (CEO), holding the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.
    • CEO serves as the Ex-Officio Member Secretary of the Governing Board.
  • State-Level Implementation:
    • Implementation at the State level involves the establishment of State Health Agencies (SHAs) as societies/trusts.
    • SHAs are set up by respective States to execute the scheme locally.


Context:

Government to provide assistance to construct 3 crore rural and urban houses under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

Relevance:

GS-II: Social Justice (Welfare Schemes, Government Policies and Interventions)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY- U: Housing for All – Urban)
  2. Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin (PMAY-G)

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY- U: Housing for All – Urban)

  • The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Programme launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA), in Mission mode envisions provision of Housing for All by 2022, when the Nation completes 75 years of its Independence.
  • The Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals:
    • Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource
    • Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy
    • Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors
    • Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction /enhancement.
  • The mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers. A slum is defined as a compact area of at least 300 people or about 60 – 70 households of poorly built congested tenements in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities.
  • Mission will be implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) except for the component of credit linked subsidy which will be implemented as a Central Sector Scheme.
  • “Housing for All” Mission for urban area is being implemented during 2015-2022 and this Mission will provide central assistance to implementing agencies through States and UTs for providing houses to all eligible families/beneficiaries by 2022.
Coverage area

The Mission covers the entire urban area consisting of:

  • Statutory Towns
  • Notified Planning Areas
  • Development Authorities
  • Special Area Development Authorities
  • Industrial Development Authorities or
  • Any such authority under State legislation which is entrusted with the functions of urban planning & regulations

Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin (PMAY-G)

  • The Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin (PMAY-G) was launched to achieve the objective of “Housing for All” by 2022. The erstwhile rural housing scheme Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) was restructured to Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G).
  • Ministry of Rural development is involved in the implementation of Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana- Gramin (PMAY-G).
  • PMAY-G aims to provide a pucca house with basic amenities to all rural families, who are homeless or living in kutcha or dilapidated houses by the end of March 2022 and also to help rural people Below the Poverty Line (BPL) in construction of dwelling units and upgradation of existing unserviceable kutcha houses by providing assistance in the form of a full grant.
  • People belonging to SCs/STs, freed bonded labourers and non-SC/ST categories, widows or next-of-kin of defence personnel killed in action, ex-servicemen and retired members of the paramilitary forces, disabled persons and minorities will be the target beneficiaries of the PMAY-G.
  • The cost of unit assistance is shared between Central and State Governments in the ratio 60:40 in plain areas and 90:10 for North Eastern and hilly states.

-Source: The Hindu


June 2024
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