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PIB Summaries 12 April 2024

  1. Heatwaves
  2. CDP-SURAKSHA Platform


Recently, Prime Minister  chaired a meeting to review preparedness for the ensuing heat wave season.


GS  III- Environment (Climate change)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Heat Wave
  2. Criteria for Heat Waves
  3. Health Impacts

About Heat Wave

  • A heat wave is a period of abnormally high temperatures, more than the normal maximum temperature that occurs during the summer season in the North-Western and South Central parts of India.
  • Heat waves typically occur between March and June, and in some rare cases even extend till July.
  • Higher daily peak temperatures and longer, more intense heat waves are becoming increasingly frequent globally due to climate change.
Criteria for Heat Waves
  • The heat wave is considered when the maximum temperature of a station reaches at least 40°C for Plains and at least 30°C for Hilly regions.
  • If the normal maximum temperature of a station is less than or equal to 40°C, then an increase of 5°C to 6°C from the normal temperature is considered to be heat wave condition.
  • Further, an increase of 7°C or more from the normal temperature is considered as severe heat wave condition.
  • If the normal maximum temperature of a station is more than 40°C, then an increase of 4°C to 5°C from the normal temperature is considered to be heat wave condition. Further, an increase of 6°C or more is considered as severe heat wave condition.
  • Additionally, if the actual maximum temperature remains 45°C or more irrespective of normal maximum temperature, a heat wave is declared.
Health Impacts
  • The health impacts of Heat Waves typically involve dehydration, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and/or heat stroke.
  • It also causes heat cramps, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps and sweating.
  • The extreme temperatures and resultant atmospheric conditions adversely affect people living in these regions as they cause physiological stress, sometimes resulting in death.


The Government of India has come up with a new digital platform called CDP-SURAKSHA to disburse subsidies to horticulture farmers under the Cluster Development Programme (CDP).


GS II: Government Policies and Interventions


  • Full Form: System for Unified Resource Allocation, Knowledge, and Secure Horticulture Assistance (SURAKSHA).
  • Objective: Instant disbursal of subsidies to farmers directly into their bank accounts using the e-RUPI voucher from the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).
  • Database integration with PM-KISAN.
  • Cloud-based server space provided by NIC.
  • UIDAI validation for authentication.
  • Integration with e-RUPI.
  • Local Government Directory (LGD) for administrative purposes.
  • Content Management System for data and information.
  • Geotagging to track the location of beneficiaries and vendors.
  • Geo-fencing to set geographical boundaries.
  1. Access: The platform is accessible to farmers, vendors, implementing agencies (IA), cluster development agencies (CDA), and officials of the National Horticulture Board (NHB).
  2. Order Placement: Farmers can log in using their mobile number and place orders for planting material like seeds, seedlings, and plants.
  3. Cost Sharing: After placing the order, farmers are prompted to contribute their share of the cost. The government’s subsidy amount is automatically displayed.
  4. e-RUPI Voucher: Upon the farmer’s payment, an e-RUPI voucher is generated, which is received by the vendor supplying the planting material.
  5. Verification: Farmers must verify the receipt of the ordered planting material with geo-tagged photos and videos of their fields.
  6. Payment Release: Once verified, the IA releases the payment to the vendor.
  7. Invoice Upload: Vendors upload an invoice of the payment on the platform. The IA compiles all necessary documents and forwards them to the CDA for subsidy release.
  • Definition: A one-time payment mechanism developed by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).
  • Redemption: Can be redeemed without a card, digital payments app, or internet banking access at merchants accepting e-RUPI.
  • Distribution: Can be shared with beneficiaries for specific purposes or activities via SMS or QR code.

May 2024