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PIB Summaries 18 August 2023


  1. Graphene-Aurora Program
  2. A-HELP Programme

Graphene-Aurora Program


Recently, the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY) Secretary launched the ‘Graphene-Aurora program’ at a function in Maker Village Kochi, Kerala.


GS II: Government policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Graphene-Aurora Program
  2. Graphene: Remarkable Properties and Characteristics

Graphene-Aurora Program

  • The Graphene-Aurora Program is set to be executed by Digital University Kerala.
  • Joint funding will come from the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY), the Government of Kerala, and industry partners.
  • Carborundum Pvt Limited has emerged as a prominent industry participant.
  • The program aims to foster the growth of deep/emerging Graphene technology and innovation ecosystem.
  • It envisions providing guidance, development, implementation, and support to SMEs and startups in the commercialization of graphene technologies.
  • By establishing a commercialization eco-system for graphene, India seeks to establish a prominent position in the global market for new materials.
  • The program aims to facilitate the scale adoption of developed graphene technologies, contributing to India’s prominence in the emerging technology landscape.

Graphene: Remarkable Properties and Characteristics

Source and Composition:

  • Graphene is derived from graphite and consists solely of carbon atoms.
  • It’s a fundamental element present in everyday items, such as pencil lead.

Exceptional Attributes:

  • Acknowledged as the thinnest material globally, it boasts incredible strength and exceptional conductivity in both heat and electricity.
  • Surpasses copper in electrical conductivity, making it an outstanding conductor.
  • Remarkably, it is 200 times stronger than steel while being six times lighter.

Transparency and Impermeability:

  • Graphene exhibits near-perfect transparency, permitting only a mere 2% light absorption.
  • It possesses unparalleled gas impermeability, even blocking gases as lightweight as hydrogen and helium.

A-HELP Programme


Recently, the Union Minister for Animal Husbandry and Dairying unveiled the ‘A-HELP’ (Accredited Agent for Health and Extension of Livestock Production) programme in the State of Gujarat.


GS II: Government policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. A-HELP’ Programme: Empowering Women for Livestock Assistance
  2. About the Rashtriya Gokul Mission

A-HELP’ Programme: Empowering Women for Livestock Assistance

  • Jointly introduced by the Union Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying and the Ministry of Rural Development.
  • The program entails community-based women activists known as ‘A-HELP’ (Animal Health Entrepreneurship and Livelihood Promotion).
  • ‘A-HELP’ members collaborate with veterinarians and actively engage in local departmental activities to aid livestock farmers.
Key Roles and Responsibilities:
  • Supporting Livestock Farmers: ‘A-HELP’ women assist livestock farmers in securing loans for entrepreneurial ventures.
  • Administrative Assistance: They facilitate paperwork, application completion, ear tagging of animals, and registration in the INAF portal.
  • Scheme Implementation: These activists play a crucial role in executing various schemes, offering valuable information to grassroots-level farmers.
  • Disease Prevention and Animal Care: They contribute significantly to preventing infectious animal diseases, conducting artificial insemination under the Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM), tagging animals, and promoting animal insurance.

About the Rashtriya Gokul Mission

  • The Rashtriya Gokul Mission was launched in December 2014.
  • It has been extended as part of the Rashtriya Pashudhan Vikas Yojana from 2021 to 2026.
Mission Objectives:
  • Enhancing Productivity: The mission aims to boost the productivity of indigenous bovine breeds while ensuring sustainability. It leverages advanced technologies for this purpose.
  • Increased Milk Production: One of its goals is to facilitate a significant increase in milk production through efficient bovine management practices.
  • High-Quality Breeding: The mission advocates the use of high genetic merit bulls for breeding, contributing to the improvement of cattle genetics.
  • Widening Insemination Coverage: Strengthening the breeding network and making artificial insemination services easily accessible to farmers is a key objective.
  • Holistic Conservation: The mission is dedicated to the scientific and comprehensive conservation of indigenous cattle and buffalo breeds.

February 2024