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PIB Summaries 20 October 2023

CONTENTS

  1. Amendments to the Aircraft Rules, 1937
  2. Kati Bihu

Amendments to the Aircraft Rules, 1937


Context:

Recently, the Ministry of Civil Aviation has notified the Amendments to the Aircraft Rules, 1937, aiming to promote Safety and Ease of Doing Business in Aviation Regulation. These amendments align India’s aviation regulations with the International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and international best practices.

Relevance:

GS II: Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

Key Amendments to the Aircraft Rules, 1937:

Extended License Validity:

  • The amendment extended the validity of Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL) and Commercial Pilot License (CPL) holders’ licenses from five years to ten years.
  • This change aims to streamline the licensing process and reduce administrative burdens on pilots and aviation authorities like the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA).

Expanded Government Jurisdiction:

  • The revision clarified the definition of “light” to encompass various sources and expanded the government’s jurisdiction from 5 kilometers to 5 nautical miles around an aerodrome.
  • It empowered the government to take action against individuals displaying lights that disrupt aircraft operation. In cases of unattended lights, the government can intervene and report the matter to relevant authorities for legal action under the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

Removal of Rule 118:

  • Rule 118, which pertains to the validation of foreign licenses, was removed to align regulations with the evolving needs of the aviation sector.

Flexibility in Competency Requirements:

  • The amendment introduced flexibility in recency and competency requirements for Air Traffic Controller License holders, allowing for simulated exercises, emergencies, and skill assessments.
  • This ensures continued competence, particularly during limited movements or watch hours.

Significance of the Amendment Rules:

  • Enhancing Aviation Safety: These amendments play a crucial role in enhancing aviation safety by addressing concerns related to the display of “false lights” around aerodromes. The extended jurisdiction and clarified definitions ensure a safer operational environment, reducing potential hazards and disruptions to aircraft operations.
  • Streamlined Licensing Process: The streamlined licensing process, including the extension of license validity, reduces administrative burdens. This can contribute to a more business-friendly environment in the aviation sector, potentially attracting investment and fostering industry growth.

About ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization):

  • The ICAO is a specialized agency of the United Nations created in 1944.
  • Its primary mission is to promote safe, secure, and efficient air transportation worldwide.
  • ICAO develops and establishes international standards and recommended practices for aviation, encompassing regulations for air navigation, communication, and airport operations.
  • It works to address global aviation issues, including air traffic management, aviation security, and environmental protection.
  • The organization is headquartered in Montreal, Canada, where it plays a central role in shaping international civil aviation standards and policies.

Kati Bihu


Context:

Recently, the Prime Minister of India extended best wishes on the auspicious occasion of Kati Bihu to the people of Assam.

Relevance:

GS I: Festivals

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Kati Bihu Overview
  2. Significance

Kati Bihu Overview:

  • Kati Bihu is celebrated in the northeastern state of Assam.
  • The word “Kati” signifies “to cut,” and this festival marks the period of relocating rice saplings in the fields.
  • It is also commonly known as Kongali Bihu, with “Kongali” referring to “poor.”
  • Assam observes three Bihu festivals: Bhogali or Magh Bihu in January, Rongali or Bohag Bihu in April, and Kati Bihu.

Significance:

  • Kati Bihu falls in a month with relatively few food resources.
  • To celebrate, people light earthen lamps or candles to illuminate their homes.
  • An essential aspect of the festival involves lighting diyas near the Tulsi plant, which is worshiped on this auspicious day.
  • Additionally, individuals place a special lamp known as “Akash Banti” (Sky candle) in their paddy fields.
  • These lamps are fueled by mustard oil and are elevated atop bamboo poles.
  • The belief is that these illuminated lamps will guide their ancestors toward heaven.

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