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PIB Summaries 22 December 2022


  2. Gaganyaan
  3. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana


Focus: GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Why in News?

Ayush Ministry is currently running a Central Sector Scheme titled AYURSWASTHYA Yojana.


  • It consists of two parts:
    • AYUSH and Public Health: To encourage the use of AYUSH interventions in community healthcare.
    • Up-gradation of facilities to Centre of Excellence: To encourage the construction of cutting-edge/specialized AYUSH medical health units in reputable AYUSH and Allopathic institutions in the Government and Non-Government sectors.
  • The AYURSWASTHYA Yojana’s Centre of Excellence component offers financial aid to qualified institutions and organisations for the establishment and improvement of their facilities and/or for AYUSH-related research and development.

The maximum admissible financial assistance under the Centre of Excellence component of AYURSWASTHYA Yojana, to an organization/institute is Rs.10.00 crores for a maximum period of three years.


Focus: GS III- Science and Technology

Why in News?

Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Science & Technology said, India’s maiden human space flight “Gaganyaan” is targeted to be launched in the fourth quarter of 2024

About Gaganyaan

  • Under the Gaganyaan 3 flights will be sent into orbit of which two are unmanned flights and one is human spaceflight.
  • The Gaganyaan system module, called the Orbital Module will have three Indian astronauts, including a woman.
  • It will circle Earth at a low-earth-orbit at an altitude of 300-400 km from earth for 5-7 days.
  • GSLV Mk III, also called the LVM-3 (Launch Vehicle Mark-3,) the three-stage heavy lift launch vehicle, will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has the necessary payload capability.
Significance of the Gaganyaan Mission
  • Gaganyaan will involve numerous agencies, laboratories, disciplines, industries and departments and help inspire youth along with enhancing science and technology levels.
  • It will help in improvement of industrial growth and development of technology for social benefits.
  • It will also help in improving international collaboration in the field of space technology.

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

Focus: GS II- Welfare Schemes

Why in News?

The Minister of State for Rural Development said a total of 7,22,276 Km road length has been constructed under various interventions of Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) as on 16th December, 2022. 

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

  • The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a nationwide plan in India to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages.
  • This Centrally Sponsored Scheme was introduced in 2000.
  • The PMGSY is under the authority of the Ministry of Rural Development.

PMGSY – Phase I

PMGSY – Phase I was launched in 2000 as a 100 % centrally sponsored scheme with an objective to provide single all-weather road connectivity to eligible unconnected habitation of designated population size for overall socio-economic development of the areas.

PMGSY – Phase II

  • The Phase II of PMGSY was approved in 2013, and while the ongoing PMGSY – I continued – under PMGSY phase II, the roads already built for village connectivity was to be upgraded to enhance rural infrastructure.
  • For the 12th Five Year Plan period a target of 50,000 Km length under PMGSY-II. 75 per cent of the cost of the upgradation was by the Centre and 25 per cent by the state.
  • For hill states, desert areas, Schedule V areas and Naxal-affected districts, 90 per cent of cost was borne by the Centre.


  • The Phase III was approved by the Cabinet in 2019.
  • It involves consolidation of Through Routes and Major Rural Links connecting habitations to Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals.
  • Under the PMGSY-III Scheme, it is proposed to consolidate 1,25,000 Km road length in the States, and the duration of the scheme is 2019-20 to 2024-25.
  • The funds would be shared in the ratio of 60:40 between the Centre and State for all States except for 8 North Eastern and 3 Himalayan States (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand) for which it is 90:10.

December 2023