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PIB Summaries 22 January 2022 | Legacy IAS

CONTENTS

  1. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
  2. State formation Day
  3. Rural Area Development Plan Formulation and Implementation

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose

Focus: GS I- Modern History

Why in News?

The Prime Minister has announced that a grand statue of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose will be installed at India Gate.

About Subash Chandra Bose Ji

  • Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945) Ji was born in Cuttack, in the province of Bengal to an affluent family. He was educated in Calcutta acquiring a degree in philosophy.
  • He was a fierce nationalist, whose defiant patriotism made him one of the greatest freedom fighters in Indian history.
  • He was selected for the Indian Civil Services (ICS) but refused to take up service since he did not want to serve the British government.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose was twice elected President of the Indian National Congress, (1938-Haripur and 1939-Tripuri) the country’s most important political force for freedom from the Raj or British rule.
  • He resigned from the Congress Presidentship in 1939 and organised the All India Forward Bloc a faction within the Congress in Bengal.
  • In 1943 Bose lost hope that Germany could be of any help in gaining India’s independence. He then turned to Asia where he finally came at the helm of the Indian National Army (INA).
  • INA found support among expatriate Indians and under its aegis Bose formed the Azad Hind government which came to produce its own currency, postage stamps, court and civil code. It was recognised by Axis states.
  • Bose motivated the troops with his fiery speeches. His famous quote is, “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom!”
  • Bose authored the book ‘The Indian Struggle’ which covers the Indian independence movement from 1920 to 1942, the book was banned by the British government.
  • He coined the term ‘Jai Hind’.
  • He advocated complete Swaraj and was in favour of the use of force to gain it.
  • He had differences with Gandhi and he wasn’t keen on non-violence as a tool for independence.
  • His charisma and powerful personality inspired many people into the freedom struggle and continues to inspire Indians.
  • Bose died of third-degree burns which he suffered in a plane crash in Taiwan on 18 August 1945.

State Formation Day

Focus:  GS I: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

 Why in News?

The Prime Minister has greeted the people of Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura on their 50th Statehood Days. 

 

About Meghalaya:

  • Capital: Shillong
  • It is bounded on the north by Goalpara, Kamrup and Nowgong districts, on the east by Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills districts, all of Assam, and on the south and west by Bangladesh.
  • It is predominantly inhabited by the Khasis, the Jaintias, and the Garo tribal communities. 
  • The Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, form the central and eastern part of Meghalaya.
  • It is subject to the vagaries of the monsoon. 

About Tripura:

  • Capital: Agartala
  •  It shares borders with Bangladesh, Mizoram and Assam. 
  • The state is connected with the rest of India by NH-44 that runs through Assam, Meghalaya, North Bengal, Kolkata and other parts of India
  • The social composition of the population of Tripura is diverse.
  • Around one-third of the population belongs to the Scheduled Tribes.

About Manipur:

  • Capital:  Imphal
  • It means “A jeweled land” nestled deep within a lush green corner of  Eastern India.
  •  The state shares borders with other northeast states like Nagaland, Mizoram and Assam as well as with the neighbouring country of Myanmar.
  • The then Governor-General of India Lord Irwin on his visit, described ‘Manipur as the Switzerland of the East.
  • Its rich culture excels in every aspect as in martial arts, dance, theatre and sculptor
  •  Manipur hills are inhabited mainly by the Nagas, Kukis (Chin-Mizos)and smaller tribal communities and the valley are mainly by the Meiteis (including Meitei Muslims known as Meitei Pangal or Pangal and “Bhamons” who are non-Meiteis). 
  • Some Naga and Kuki settlements are also found in the valley region. 

Rural Area Development Plan Formulation and Implementation

Focus: GS II- Welfare schemes    

Why in News?

Recently, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj has revised Rural Area Development Plan Formulation and Implementation (RADPFI) guidelines, 2017, to transform rural India and ensure rural prosperity.

About:

  • RADPFI 2021 guidelines is a continuation to the Ministry’s efforts towards promotion of Spatial rural planning.
  • It will create pathways for rural transformation by developing a perspective for long term planning in villages.
  • It includes Village Planning Scheme (VPS) on the lines of Town Planning Schemes in urban areas.
  • It will augment development of vibrant economic clusters in rural areas, which would contribute to the socio-economic development of rural areas.
  • It will also supplement the efforts of the Central Government such as the SVAMITVA Scheme of Ministry of Panchayati Raj and RURBAN Mission of Ministry of Rural Development and facilitate better utilization of Geospatial information
Objectives:
  • It will enable effective land use planning in rural areas
  • It will help in improving the quality of life in rural areas.
  • It is aimed at ensuring ease of living in villages and help minimizing migration to big cities by providing all necessary infrastructure and facilities and also resources and opportunities for livelihood in rural areas.

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