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PIB Summaries 22 September 2023

CONTENTS

  1. SHREYAS Scheme
  2. PM Kisan

SHREYAS Scheme


Context:

The Scholarships for Higher Education for Young Achievers Scheme (SHREYAS) initiative has been a cornerstone in India’s efforts to empower students from Scheduled Castes (SC) and Other Backward Classes (OBC) by providing them access to quality education.

Relevance:

GS II: Government Policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. SHREYAS: Empowering Education for OBC & EBC Students

SHREYAS: Empowering Education for OBC & EBC Students

  • SHREYAS is an umbrella scheme under the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment.
  • It aims to empower OBC & Economically Backward Class (EBC) students through fellowships and interest subsidies on educational loans for higher education.

Sub-Schemes: The SHREYAS umbrella scheme includes four central sector sub-schemes:

Free Coaching Scheme for SCs and OBCs:
  • Objective: Provide high-quality coaching to economically disadvantaged SCs and OBCs for competitive exams and technical/professional institution admissions.
  • Income Ceiling: Family income capped at 8 lakhs per annum.
  • Slot Allocation: 3500 slots allotted annually.
  • Gender Inclusivity: 30% slots reserved for females in both categories.
  • Allocation Ratio: SC: OBC ratio at 70:30 for equitable access.
  • Outcomes: Benefited 19,995 beneficiaries from 2014-15 to 2022-23.
Top-Class Education for SCs:
  • Objective: Recognize and promote quality education among SC students beyond the 12th class.
  • Income Ceiling: Family income limit set at 8 lakhs per annum.
  • Coverage: Includes 266 higher education institutes, including prestigious institutions like IIMs, IITs, and NITs.
  • Scholarship: Covers tuition fee, non-refundable charges, academic allowance, and other expenses.
  • Outcomes: Benefited 21,988 beneficiaries from 2014-15 to 2022-23.
National Overseas Scheme for SCs:
  • Objective: Provide financial assistance to selected students from various categories for pursuing masters and Ph.D. courses abroad.
  • Eligibility: Students with family income below Rs. 8 lakhs per annum, securing admission in the top 500 QS ranking foreign institutes/universities.
  • Scholarship: Covers tuition fee, maintenance, contingency allowance, visa fee, and airfare.
  • Outcomes: Benefited 950 beneficiaries from 2014-15 to 2022-23.
National Fellowship for SC Students:
  • Aim: Support SC students pursuing M.Phil/Ph.D. degrees in Sciences, Humanities, and Social Sciences in Indian Universities/Institutions/Colleges recognized by UGC.
  • Eligibility: NET-JRF qualified candidates or Junior Research Fellows for Science stream (UGC-CSIR Joint Test).
  • Allocation: Provides 2000 new slots annually (500 for Science and 1500 for Humanities/Social Sciences).

PM Kisan


Context:

The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare launched an AI chatbot — the first of its kind to be integrated with a major flagship scheme of the central government — for the PM-KISAN Scheme.

Relevance:

GS II- Welfare Schemes

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About PM KISAN
  2. Some of the categories of beneficiaries who are NOT eligible for benefit under this scheme are:

About PM KISAN

Nodal: Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare

  • The Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) Scheme is a Central Sector Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) Scheme.
  • Under the scheme an income support of 6,000/- per year in three equal installments will be provided to small and marginal farmer families having combined land holding/ownership of upto 2 hectares.
  • The Scheme initially provided income support to all Small and Marginal Farmers’ families across the country, holding cultivable land upto 2 hectares.
  • Its ambit was later expanded to cover all farmer families in the country irrespective of the size of their land holdings. 
  • Definition of family for the scheme is husband, wife and minor children.
  • State Government and UT administration will identify the farmer families which are eligible for support as per scheme guidelines.
  • The fund will be directly transferred to the bank accounts of the beneficiaries.
  • There are various Exclusion Categories for the scheme.

Some of the categories of beneficiaries who are NOT eligible for benefit under this scheme are:

  • Any institutional land-holders.
  • The farmer as well as any member of the family belonging to the following categories:
    • Former and present holders of constitutional posts
    • Former and present Ministers/ State Ministers
    • Former or present members of LokSabha/ RajyaSabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils
    • Former and present Mayors of Municipal Corporations
    • Former and present Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
    • Any serving or retired officers as well as employees under the Central/ State Government Ministries /Offices/Departments.
    • All retired pensioners who get a monthly pension of Rs.10,000/-or more and belonging to the above category.
    • Any individual who paid their income tax in the last assessment year is not eligible under this scheme.
    • Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects registered with Professional bodies and carrying out profession by undertaking practices.

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