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PIB Summaries 25 November 2023

1. Military Exercise SURYA KIRAN

2. Lachit Diwas



Focus: GS III: Security challenges

Why in News?

The 17th edition of India-Nepal Joint Military Exercise SURYA KIRAN will be conducted in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand from 24th November to 07th December 2023.

About Exercise SURYA KIRAN

  • Exercise SURYA KIRAN is an annual event and conducted alternatively in the two countries.
  • It will provide a platform for soldiers from India and Nepal to exchange ideas and experiences; share best practices and foster a deeper understanding of each other’s operational procedures.
  • Aim of the exercise:
    • Enhance interoperability in jungle warfare
    • Counter terrorism operations in mountainous terrain
    • Humanitarian Assistance and
    • Disaster Relief under United Nations Charter on peace keeping operations.
  • The joint military exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation which will further foster the bilateral relations between the two nations.


Focus: GS-1 History

Why in News?

Prime Minister pays homage to courage of Lachit Borphukan on Lachit Diwas.

About Lachit Borphukan:

  • He was Born on 24th November, 1622.
  • Borphukan was known for his leadership in the Battle of Saraighat, 1671 in which an attempt by Mughal forces to capture Assam was thwarted.
  • He was the inspiration behind strengthening India’s naval force and revitalising inland water transport and creating infrastructure associated with it due to his great naval strategies.
  • He died on 25th April, 1672.
  • Ahom kings ruled large parts of Assam, and parts of neighbouring states, for nearly 600 years between the 13th and 19th centuries.
  • Between 1615 and 1682, the Mughal Empire made a series of attempts, under Jahangir and then Aurangzeb, to annex the Ahom kingdom.
  • In January 1662, Mughal Governor of Bengal Mir Jumla’s forces engaged with the Ahom army and went on to occupy part of the territory under Ahom rule.
  • Between 1667 and 1682, the Ahoms under a series of rulers, starting with Chakradhwaj Singha, (reigned 1663-70) launched a counter-offensive to reclaim lost territories. This included the battles Lachit is remembered for.

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