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PIB Summaries 29 August 2023


  1. Khanan Prahari

Khanan Prahari


The Ministry of Coal has launched the Khanan Prahari mobile app, revolutionizing the fight against illicit coal mining activities.


GS II: Government policies and Interventions

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Khanan Prahari: Empowering Citizens Against Illegal Mining
  2. Status of Coal Mining in India

Khanan Prahari: Empowering Citizens Against Illegal Mining

  • Innovative Reporting App: Khanan Prahari is a mobile app enabling citizens to actively report instances of illegal coal mining by submitting geo-tagged photos and textual information.
  • Comprehensive System: The app is complemented by the Coal Mine Surveillance & Management System (CMSMS) web portal, developed in collaboration with Bhaskaracharya Institute of Space Application & Geoinformatics and Central Mine Planning and Design Institute.
  • Public Participation: This initiative combines advanced technology with public involvement to address illegal mining effectively.
  • Active Engagement: The public’s active engagement is evident with 483 complaints lodged through the app, showcasing their commitment to curbing illegal mining.
Key Features:
  • Incident Reporting: Users can report illegal mining incidents by capturing photos and providing comments.
  • Confidentiality: The app ensures the confidentiality of users’ identities, prioritizing privacy.
  • Complaint Tracking: Complainants receive a unique complaint number to track the progress of their reports easily.

Status of Coal Mining in India

  • Coal Importance: India ranks as the world’s second-largest coal producer and possesses the fifth-largest coal deposits globally. Coal, often called ‘Black Gold,’ is a crucial fossil fuel.
  • Import Dependency: Despite significant coal reserves, India imports coal due to its high consumption. Coal imports surged by 30% in 2022-23.
  • Major Producing States: Key coal-producing states include Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, and Telangana.
Historical Evolution:
  • Early Beginnings: India’s coal mining history spans 220 years, starting in 1774 with the East India Company in Raniganj Coalfield.
  • Growth Catalyst: The introduction of steam locomotives in 1853 propelled coal production.
  • Post-Independence: National Coal Development Corporation (NCDC) formed in 1956 for organized industry growth.
  • Nationalization: Nationalization of coking coal mines (1971-72) and non-coking mines (1973) aimed at addressing mining concerns and labor conditions.
  • Post-Nationalization: Demand-supply gaps minimal till 1991; liberalization reforms in 1993 led to captive consumption allocation.
  • Modernization: Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Act, 2015 enabled auction-based coal allocation; 2018 allowed private firms into commercial mining.



Recently, an Indian Air Force (IAF) contingent departed to participate in Exercise BRIGHT STAR-23, scheduled to be held at Cairo (West) Air Base, Egypt, from 27 August to 16 September 2023.


Facts for Prelims


  • Nature: Biennial multilateral tri-service exercise.
  • Origins: Initiated in 1980, arising from the Egypt-Israel peace treaty, with US involvement.
  • IAF’s Debut: Marks the first participation of the Indian Air Force (IAF) in Ex BRIGHT STAR-23.
  • Participating Countries: United States of America, Saudi Arabia, Greece, and Qatar.
  • IAF Contingent: Comprises five MiG-29, two IL-78, two C-130, and two C-17 aircraft.
  • Personnel Inclusion: Involves IAF’s Garud Special Forces, and members from Squadrons 28, 77, 78, and 81.
  • Objective: Focuses on joint operation planning and execution. Facilitates cross-border bonding and enhances strategic relations among participants.
  • India-Egypt Relations: Historic partnership with collaborative efforts in aero-engine and aircraft development during the 1960s, along with pilot training exchanges.

February 2024