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PIB Summaries 31 May 2024

  1. eMigrate project
  2. RudraM-II Missile


Context:

Recently, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) is entered into between Ministry External Affairs (MEA), Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Common Service Centre eGovernance Services India Limited to create a synergy between CSC SPV & MEA to provide the eMigrate services through CSCs in the country.

Relevance:

Facts for Prelims

Overview of the eMigrate Project

Purpose:

  • The eMigrate project is designed to primarily assist blue-collar workers heading to Emigration Check Required (ECR) countries.

Objectives:

  • Address the challenges faced by migrant workers by making the emigration process seamless and online.
  • Integrate foreign employers, registered recruitment agents, and insurance companies onto a single platform to promote safe and legal migration.

Implementation:

  • MoU with CSCs: The eMigrate Portal of the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) will be integrated with the Common Service Centres (CSC) portal to offer various services:
  • Registration of applicants on the eMigrate portal via CSCs.
  • Assistance with uploading and processing required documents through CSCs.
  • Support for booking medical and other necessary services for migrant workers or applicants registered on the eMigrate portal.
  • Raising awareness about eMigrate services among citizens across India.

Key Facts About Common Service Centres (CSCs)

Role and Importance:

  • CSCs are a crucial component of the Digital India mission.
  • They serve as frontline service delivery points for digital services, particularly in rural and remote areas.

Contributions:

  • CSCs help fulfill the vision of Digital India and the government’s goal for a digitally and financially inclusive society.
  • They provide essential government and public utility services and a wide range of other services, including:
    • Social welfare schemes
    • Financial services
    • Educational courses
    • Skill development programs
    • Healthcare services
    • Agricultural support
    • Digital literacy programs


Context:

Recently, the Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully flight-tested the RudraM-II from Su-30 MK-I platform of the Indian Air Force (IAF) off the coast of Odisha.

Relevance:

GS III: Defence

Overview of RudraM-II Missile

Key Features:
  • Development: Indigenously developed solid-propelled air-launched missile system.
  • Purpose: Designed for an Air-to-Surface role to neutralize various enemy assets.
  • Range: Capable of striking targets up to 350 km away, launched from a Sukhoi-30MKI fighter jet of the Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • Technology: Incorporates advanced indigenous technologies developed by various DRDO laboratories.
RudraM Series Missiles

Development and Purpose:

  • Developer: Developed by DRDO as next-generation anti-radiation missiles (NGARMs).
  • Function: Target and destroy enemy surveillance, communication systems, radars, and command and control centers on the ground.

RudraM-I Missile:

  • Range: 150 km.
  • Navigation: Uses INS-GPS navigation with a passive homing head for the final attack.
  • Testing: First tested in October 2020.

Role in Air Defence:

  • SEAD: Designed for the suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) from long stand-off ranges, allowing IAF strike aircraft to conduct bombing missions without interference.
Anti-Radiation Missiles

Functionality:

  • Purpose: Detect, track, and neutralize adversary radar, communication assets, and other radio frequency sources, typically part of air defense systems.

Navigation System:

  • Inertial Navigation System (INS): A computerized mechanism that uses changes in the missile’s own position, enhanced with GPS (satellite-based).
  • Passive Homing Head: Capable of detecting, classifying, and engaging targets (radio frequency sources) across a wide range of frequencies as programmed.

June 2024
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