Why in news?

PM has given following message:
 

“Today on World Health Day, let us not only pray for each other’s good health and well-being but also reaffirm our gratitude towards all those doctors, nurses, medical staff and healthcare workers who are bravely leading the battle against the COVID-19 menace.”

Details about World Health Day:

  • World Health Day marks the anniversary of the World Health Organisation which was founded in 1948.
  • Therefore, in 1948 in Geneva, the World Health Assembly was held for the first time and it was decided to celebrate annually on 7th April as World Health Day.
  • On this day, by WHO variety of events with a particular theme are organised at the international and national level.
  • In the year 1950, World Health Day was first time celebrated worldwide.

What is the definition of ‘Health’?
 

As defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), Health is a “State of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

Theme of World Health Day 2019 is Universal Health Coverage: Everyone, Everywhere.

What is Universal health coverage?

Universal health coverage (UHC) is about ensuring all people and communities have access to quality health services where and when they need them, without suffering financial hardship.

It includes the full spectrum of services needed throughout life—from health promotion to prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, and palliative care—and is best based on a strong primary health care system.

Achieving UHC is one of the key targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

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