• Use of AI, face recognition tools may grow as tech-driven solutions replace manual processes used by the police force.

Details

  • Policing India’s millions has usually meant stick-wielding men relying on arcane techniques.
  • However, a new generation is beginning to embrace technologies such as artificial learning (AL), and collaborating with digital leaders to fight crime.

Possible solutions and Current uses

  • Recording the first information reports (FIRs) electronically will reduce human involvement by filing them through apps, websites or even an Internet of Things (IoT) device, thus overcoming sheer reluctance of officials manning the complaints registration. – This is important as – If an offence is not registered in the first place, a criminal is exonerated at the beginning. If there is no documentation, there is no question of prosecution and conviction.
  • Other plans include
    • Identifying and capturing digital and non-digital evidence using AI and machine learning (ML)
    • Face recognition
    • Virtually predicting crimes
    • Identifying and rehabilitating people dependent on crime for a livelihood.
  • Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and Rajsthan use an AI-enabled criminal database using AI-based human face detection (ABHED), which was developed by Gurugram-based Staqu Technologies. So, whenever they spot suspicious characters, policemen can whip out their smartphones, take a picture and tap into the database to determine whether he/she is a criminal.
  • Tamil Nadu has upped its game by building an online base of vehicles and installing an AI-based system called Tollscope, which has been linked to 30 toll plazas. If a vehicle used in a crime crosses any of the plazas, the authorities will be immediately alerted.
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