Call Us Now

+91 9606900005 / 04

For Enquiry

legacyiasacademy@gmail.com

RELATION BETWEEN LOSS OF ACCESS TO GROUNDWATER AND DECLINE IN AGRICULTURAL INCOME

Focus: Mains- GS 3- Agriculture

Why in news?

  • One of the first evidences of the medium to long-term impact of large scale, permanent environmental deterioration on rural populations in developing countries – the paper, ‘Way Down in the Hole: Adaptation to Long-Term Water Loss in Rural India’, was published in the American Economic Review
  • The analysis is based on villages in Karnataka where groundwater is a vital source of irrigation but has been depleted by a combination of a prolonged, multi-year drought, and intensive extraction.
  • 102 villages selected from 31 sub districts in eastern part of Karnataka were the base of the study

Recommendations

  • The issue is complex one as the groundwater resources in the area are limited
  • Water conservation needs to incentivized
  • Adoption of highly water efficient irrigation technology is the need of the hour
  • Recharge of groundwater
  • Creation and rehabilitation of existing surface water sources

Off farm employment strategies suggested

  • Developing industrial location around the farms
  • Skilled jobs in manufacturing and services sector
  • Vocational training and skill development course to be offered in such areas
Download PDF
June 2022
MTWTFSS
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
27282930 
Categories