A group of bacteria that can cause food-borne illnesses known as salmonellosis.
How widely is it spread?
- According to estimates by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Salmonella causes 1.2 million illnesses, 23,000 hospitalisations and about 450 deaths in the United States every year.
- In a majority of these cases — roughly 1 million — food is the source of the illness.
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) identifies Salmonella as one of four key global causes of diarrhoeal diseases.
- Salmonella bacteria are widely distributed in domestic and wild animals. They are prevalent in food animals such as poultry, pigs, and cattle, as well as in pets, including cats, dogs, birds, and turtles.
- Salmonella can pass through the entire food chain from animal feed, primary production, and all the way to households or food-service establishments and institutions.