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Focus: GS-III Science and Technology, GS-II International Relations

Why in news?

The ITER Organization is celebrating the Start of Assembly of the ITER Tokamak with a ceremony.

Highlights of Indian PM’s message

  • ITER and global participation of scientists and engineers are a perfect illustration of the age-old Indian belief – Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam – the entire world is working together for the betterment of Mankind.
  • India stands proud with its fair share of contributions in terms of its in-kind contributions, viz., the cryostat, in vessel shields, substantial contributions to the cooling water, cryogenic and cryo-distribution systems, auxiliary heating devices using RF and beam technologies, multi megawatt power supplies and several diagnostics to help ITER.

International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER)

  • International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) is an international nuclear fusion research and engineering megaproject, which will be the world’s largest magnetic confinement plasma physics experiment.
  • It is an experimental tokamak nuclear fusion reactor that is being built next to the Cadarache facility in Saint-Paul-lès-Durance, in Provence, southern France.
  • The goal of ITER is to demonstrate the scientific and technological feasibility of fusion energy for peaceful use.
  • The machine aims to demonstrate, for the first time in a fusion reactor, the principle of producing more thermal power than is used to heat the plasma.

The project is funded and run by seven member entities—

  1. European Union,
  2. China,
  3. India,
  4. Japan,
  5. Russia,
  6. South Korea,
  7. The United States.
December 2023