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The Hiroshima AI Process (HAP)


  • The Hiroshima AI Process (HAP) was unveiled as a way to manage artificial intelligence (AI) at the annual Group of Seven (G-7) Summit, which will be held in Hiroshima, Japan, from May 19–21, 2023.
  • The HAP seeks to develop inclusive AI governance in accordance with ideals like liberty, democracy, and human rights while addressing the difficulties presented by generative AI.


GS Paper 3 : Science and Technology

Mains Question

Describe the Hiroshima AI Process (HAP)’s importance in governing artificial intelligence (AI) on a worldwide level. (150 Words)

Hiroshima AI Process: The Overview

  • The G-7 Leaders’ Communiqué emphasised the need for international debates on inclusive AI governance and interoperability, guided by shared democratic ideals. An overview of the Hiroshima AI Process is given below.
  • The HAP will hold conversations on many facets of generative AI in cooperation with international organisations including the OECD and GPAI, which are organised through a G-7 working group.Governance, the defence of intellectual property rights, the promotion of transparency, the prevention of foreign information manipulation, and the ethical application of AI technologies may all be topics of discussion. By December 2023, the HAP is anticipated to have finished its deliberations.

Alignment with principles and Norms:

  • The HAP understands how critical it is to make sure that AI development and application are in line with principles like liberty, democracy, and human rights.It places a strong emphasis on the values of equity, responsibility, openness, and security in AI regulation.
  • The phrase “procedures that advance transparency, openness, and fair processes” needs further clarification, but its emphasis on these principles suggests a shift away from a purely state-centric viewpoint.

Inclusivity and Multi-Stakeholder Involvement

  • The HAP recognises the importance of incorporating numerous stakeholders in AI regulation through “multi-stakeholder international organisations” and “multi-stakeholder processes.” Inclusivity and Multi-Stakeholder Involvement.
  • With this strategy, fairness, openness, and more representation are ensured in the development of AI governance. However, the G-7 countries’ differences in how they regulate AI threats make it difficult for the HAP to come to a consensus on important regulatory problems.

Potential Results and Impact

  • The HAP may result in varied rules based on G-7-wide standards, beliefs, and ideals. On some issues, there may be some convergence, but there may still be a lot of disagreement.
  • Clarifying the link between AI and intellectual property rights (IPR), and more specifically addressing the fair use of copyrighted items in AI training datasets, is one example of how the HAP might aid progress. The HAP can aid in forging a universal understanding on this subject by providing guiding norms and principles.

The Goal of a Reliable AI

  • The G-7 communiqué acknowledges that its members may have different ideas about what constitutes a trustworthy AI system. The HAP places a strong emphasis on cooperation with other nations, notably OECD members, and the creation of an interoperable AI governance framework, even though harmonising rules may not be the main goal.
  • This shows that the HAP must address the worries of other nation-groups and international organisations engaged in establishing technical standards for AI.


  • The creation of the Hiroshima AI Process demonstrates the importance of AI governance on a global scale. The HAP intends to regulate AI development and application in accordance with values like freedom, democracy, and human rights through open conversations and collaboration.
  • The G-7 countries still have difficulties in reaching agreement and avoiding total disagreement, but the HAP has the potential to influence future global AI regulation.

December 2023