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Types of Motions Used in Parliament


Recently, a Member of Parliament moved adjournment motion in the Lok Sabha citing the need for urgent discussions on ethnic violence in Manipur.


GS II: Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Adjournment Motion
  2. Other Types of Motion

Adjournment Motion

  • Definition: An adjournment motion is a parliamentary procedure used to discuss a specific matter of urgent public importance with the Speaker’s consent.
  • Requirement: To be admitted, the motion must have the support of 50 members and address an issue of immediate concern.
  • Extraordinary Device: As it interrupts the normal business of the House, it is considered an extraordinary parliamentary device.
  • Applicability: This motion is available in the Lok Sabha, but not in the Rajya Sabha.
  • Effect: The passage of an adjournment motion does not require the government to resign, but it serves as a strong censure of the government’s actions or policies.

Other Types of Motion

Closure Motion:
  • A motion to cut short the debate on a matter in the House.
  • If approved, the debate is stopped, and the matter is put to vote immediately.
Motion with a Vote:
  • Brought under Rule 184 in the Lok Sabha.
  • Allows for a debate with a vote on a specific question, indicating Parliament’s position on the issue.
  • Government is obliged to follow Parliament’s decision if the motion is passed.
  • Reserved for matters of significant national importance.
Short Duration Discussion:
  • Under Rule 193 in Lok Sabha and Rule 176 in Rajya Sabha.
  • Allows MPs to discuss a specific issue of public importance without voting.
  • Debate lasts for a fixed duration, not exceeding two hours.
  • Aim is to bring attention to important issues and allow diverse perspectives to be heard.
No-Confidence Motion:
  • Moved in Lok Sabha to test the confidence of the government.
  • Requires support of 50 members to be admitted.
  • If passed, the government must resign.
  • Occurs when the government is perceived to be losing majority support.
Confidence Motion:
  • Passed when governments with wafer-thin majority are called upon to prove their majority.
  • Indicates continued mandate to govern.
Privilege Motion:
  • Initiated when a member believes a minister has violated the privileges of the House or its members.
  • Expresses disapproval and criticizes the minister’s actions.
Motion of Thanks:
  • Expresses gratitude for the President’s Address at the commencement of Lok Sabha.
  • Must be passed in the House; failure amounts to government defeat.
Cut Motion:
  • Proposed to reduce the amount of a budget demand.
  • Passage indicates want of parliamentary confidence in the government and may lead to its resignation.

-Source: Indian Express

December 2023