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Focus: GS-III Science and Technology, Prelims

Why in news?

  • There are now more new cases of COVID-19 reported each day outside China than inside the hardest-hit country, the World Health Organization said on 26th February 2020.
  • Governments worldwide are scrambling to prevent the spread of the new  Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) after a surge of infections in Italy, Iran and South Korea.

About WHO?

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialised agency of the United Nations that is concerned with world public health.
  • It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
  • The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group.
  • Its predecessor, the Health Organisation, was an agency of the League of Nations.
  • The WHO constitution was signed by 61 countries (all 51 member countries and 10 others) on 22 July 1946
  • The WHO is responsible for the World Health Report, the worldwide World Health Survey, and World Health Day.

What is Endemic, Epidemic and Pandemic?

Endemic Epidemic Pandemic Legacy IAS Academy Best IAS Coaching in Bangalore

Endemic: a disease that exists permanently in a particular region or population. Malaria is a constant worry in parts of Africa.

Epidemic: An outbreak of disease that attacks many peoples at about the same time and may spread through one or several communities.

Pandemic: When an epidemic spreads throughout the world.

Sporadic: Refers to a disease that occurs infrequently and irregularly.

June 2024