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What is AUKUS Alliance?


The AUKUS alliance, comprising Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, is set to enter discussions for expanding its membership.


GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is AUKUS?
  2. Benefits of Nuclear Submarines for Australia:

What is AUKUS?

  • A 2021 defence deal between Australia, the UK and the US
  • Aims to help Australia deploy nuclear-powered submarines in the Pacific region
  • Officially made to emphasise the countries’ “shared commitment to a free-and-open Indo-Pacific region”
  • Intended to combat China’s ambitions in the region
  • China has staked territorial claims across the resource-rich region and has multiple nuclear-capable submarines
  • AUKUS was signed to bolster Australia’s naval power in the region
  • The partnership was described by the then Australian PM Scott Morisson as a “partnership where our technology, our scientists, our industry, our defence forces are all working together to deliver a safer and more secure region that ultimately benefits all”.

Benefits of Nuclear Submarines for Australia:

  • Near infinite endurance: Nuclear-powered submarines have an internal nuclear reactor, which gives them the ability to operate and stay submerged for long periods without needing to surface to recharge their batteries.
  • Faster and more advanced: Typically, nuclear submarines are faster and more advanced than conventional submarines, which allows them to reach far out into the ocean and launch attacks on the enemy.
  • Greater range and capability: Nuclear submarines like the SSN-AUKUS will give the Royal Australian Navy the capability to go into the South China Sea to protect its assets and conduct patrols, which it currently does not possess.
  • Improved strategic position: The nuclear-powered submarines will enhance Australia’s strategic position in the Indo-Pacific region and provide a significant boost to its naval power.
  • Commitment to non-proliferation: The new deal includes “clear commitments” to the countries’ respective nuclear non-proliferation obligations, ensuring that Australia’s nuclear-powered submarines will not be equipped with nuclear warheads.

-Source: Live Mint


May 2024