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World Thalassemia Day 2022

Focus: GS II- Health

Why in News?

On the occasion of World Thalassemia Day, Union Minister for Tribal Affairs virtually addressed the webinar  “Challenges in Thalassemia 2022” in New Delhi.

About Thalassemia:

  • Thalassemia is a genetic blood condition in which the body generates insufficient haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a protein molecule found in red blood cells that transports oxygen. Anemia is caused by the severe loss of red blood cells caused by this illness.
  • Anaemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells or haemoglobin is lower than usual.
  • It is a hereditary disorder that is caused mostly by faulty haemoglobin production. It is passed down by one of the parents who is a carrier of the disease due to a genetic mutation or deletion of specific critical gene segments.
  • Acute thalassemia may require regular blood transfusions, whereas mild thalassemia does not require therapy.

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