Recently, India has been re-elected to the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) Council, marking its continuous service at IMO.
GS II: International Relations
Dimensions of the Article:
- International Maritime Organization (IMO)
- India’s Engagement with IMO
International Maritime Organization (IMO):
- The IMO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) responsible for regulating global shipping and preventing marine pollution caused by ships.
- It was established in 1948 following a UN conference in Geneva and officially came into existence in 1958.
- The IMO has 175 Member States and three Associate Members, with its headquarters located in London, United Kingdom.
- India became a member of the IMO in 1959.
- The primary role of the IMO is to create a fair and effective regulatory framework for the global shipping industry, with the goal of universal adoption and implementation.
- It addresses legal matters related to shipping, including issues of liability and compensation, and facilitates international maritime traffic.
- The organization celebrates World Maritime Day on the last Thursday of every September to emphasize the importance of shipping and maritime activities.
Structure of IMO:
- IMO is governed by an assembly of members, which convenes every two years, and a council comprising 40 members, elected by the assembly for two-year terms.
- The Assembly serves as the highest governing body, while the IMO Council, acting as the executive organ, supervises the organization’s work, particularly in maritime safety and pollution prevention.
- IMO’s activities are carried out through five committees and several subcommittees responsible for developing and adopting international conventions, codes, resolutions, and guidelines.
India’s Engagement with IMO:
- India holds Category B status in the IMO Council, reflecting its ongoing commitment to maritime affairs.
- India’s Vision 2030 aims to bolster its representation at the IMO by appointing permanent representatives at IMO London.
- The Amrit Kaal Vision 2047 outlines goals to enhance India’s global maritime presence, including establishing a dedicated IMO cell, designating a permanent representative at IMO headquarters, and implementing the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) Master Plan.
-Source: The Hindu