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About Agni-1 Missile


Recently, a successful training launch of a medium-range ballistic missile, Agni-1 was carried out by the Strategic Forces Command from APJ Abdul Kalam Island, Odisha.


GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Agni-1 Missile
  2. About IGMDP

About Agni-1 Missile:

  • Agni-1 is a medium-range ballistic missile with a range of 700-900 km.
  • It is a single-stage, solid-fuel missile.
  • The missile is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead with an estimated payload of 1,000 kg.
  • The latest upgrade to Agni-1 includes a new guidance system for improved accuracy and a new warhead for increased destructive power.
  • It is road-mobile, providing high mobility and making it difficult to target by enemies.
  • The first test-firing of Agni-1 took place in 2002.
  • The Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command deployed the missile in 2007.
  • Agni-1 originated from India’s Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP) initiated in 1983.

About IGMDP:

  • IGMDP was a comprehensive missile development program in India started in 1982-83.
  • The program was led by Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and managed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), under the Ministry of Defence.
  • The program aimed to develop a range of Indian guided missiles.
  • The types of missiles developed under IGMDP included:
    • Short Range Surface to Surface Missile (SSM) ‘Prithvi’
    • Long Range Surface to Surface Missile (SSM) ‘Agni’
    • Medium Range Surface to Air Missile (SAM) ‘Akash’
    • Short Range Surface to Air Missile (SAM) ‘Trishul’
    • Anti-tank Guided Missile (ATGM) ‘Nag’

-Source: The Hindu

July 2024