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About Doha Political Declaration


Doha Political Declaration was adopted by the head of the states at the recently concluded Fifth United Nations Conference on the Least Developed Countries (LDC5).


GS II: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Doha Political Declaration
  2. What is the Doha Programme of Action (DPoA)?
  3. Least developed countries (LDCs)

About Doha Political Declaration:

  • The Doha Political Declaration is a significant outcome of the second part of the LDC5 conference, which took place in Qatar under the theme “From Potential to Prosperity.”
  • Commitment to Doha Programme of Action: The declaration welcomed the Doha Programme of Action (DPoA) and expressed a strong commitment to implementing it throughout the next decade.
  • UN Coordination: The declaration requested the UN Secretary-General to ensure that all parts of the UN system are fully mobilized and coordinated to facilitate the implementation of the Doha Programme of Action in a coordinated manner.

What is the Doha Programme of Action (DPoA)?

  • The DPoA is a plan for the Least Developed Countries that was adopted at the first part of the LDC5 conference in New York.
  • Its goal is to help the 46 most vulnerable countries achieve the UN-mandated Sustainable Development Goals over the course of 10 years.
  • The DPoA (2022-2031) focuses on six key areas:
    • Eradicating poverty
    • Leveraging the potential of science and technology
    • Addressing climate change
    • Tackling environmental degradation
    • Recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic
    • Building resilience against future shocks for risk-informed sustainable development.
Need for the Doha Political Declaration
  • The 46 Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are facing multiple crises including the Covid-19 pandemic, climate crisis, growing inequalities, rising debt burdens, and economic shocks.
  • Despite contributing minimally to Carbon Dioxide emissions, LDCs are disproportionately affected by the impacts of climate change.
  • Many LDCs, including 33 African nations, struggle with high debt costs and inadequate liquidity to provide essential services.
  • The Sustainable Development Report 2022 shows that LDCs are the worst performers in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The Doha Political Declaration is necessary to address the urgent needs and challenges faced by LDCs and to ensure their progress towards sustainable development.

Least developed countries (LDCs):

  • Least developed countries (LDCs) are countries with low-income levels that face significant challenges in achieving sustainable development due to structural barriers.
  • LDCs are highly vulnerable to economic and environmental shocks, such as natural disasters, economic downturns, and health crises.
  • The United Nations Committee for Development Policy (CDP) reviews the list of LDCs every three years and currently, there are 46 countries on the list.
  • LDCs have access to special support measures, particularly in the areas of development assistance and trade, to help them overcome the challenges they face in achieving sustainable development.

Source: The Hindu

December 2023