Recently, the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) has gained significant attention for its role in revolutionizing the way judicial proceedings are managed in India.
GS II: Polity and Governance
Dimensions of the Article:
- National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG)
National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG)
Online Database for Judicial Proceedings
- NJDG serves as an online platform under the eCourts Project.
- Comprises orders, judgments, and case details from 18,735 District & Subordinate Courts and High Courts.
- Data is frequently updated by connected courts, offering insights into judicial proceedings across the country.
Features for Access and Evaluation
- Open API for Data Sharing: NJDG aligns with the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP), offering an Open API to Central & State Governments.
- Streamlined Access: Designated departmental IDs and access keys provide easy access to NJDG data.
- Institutional Litigants: Initial focus is on institutional litigants, enabling them to evaluate and monitor cases, with plans to extend access to non-institutional litigants later.
Role in Judicial Management
- Pendency Reduction: NJDG functions as a monitoring tool to identify, manage, and diminish case pendency.
- Policy Support: Offers timely inputs for policy decisions to expedite case disposal and reduce delays.
- Court Performance Monitoring: Helps in monitoring court performance, identifying systemic bottlenecks, and serving as an efficient resource management tool.
Linkage with Land Records Data
- Land Dispute Tracking: NJDG is linked with Land Records data from 26 States, aiding in tracking cases related to land disputes.
- World Bank Commendation: In the 2018 Ease of Doing Business report, NJDG was praised by the World Bank (WB) for generating case management reports that facilitate contract enforcement.
- Business Environment Enhancement: This recognition highlights NJDG’s role in improving the business environment through streamlined judicial processes.