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About The National Judicial Data Grid


Recently, the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG) has gained significant attention for its role in revolutionizing the way judicial proceedings are managed in India.


GS II: Polity and Governance

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG)

National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG)

Online Database for Judicial Proceedings
  • NJDG serves as an online platform under the eCourts Project.
  • Comprises orders, judgments, and case details from 18,735 District & Subordinate Courts and High Courts.
  • Data is frequently updated by connected courts, offering insights into judicial proceedings across the country.
Features for Access and Evaluation
  • Open API for Data Sharing: NJDG aligns with the National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy (NDSAP), offering an Open API to Central & State Governments.
  • Streamlined Access: Designated departmental IDs and access keys provide easy access to NJDG data.
  • Institutional Litigants: Initial focus is on institutional litigants, enabling them to evaluate and monitor cases, with plans to extend access to non-institutional litigants later.
Role in Judicial Management
  • Pendency Reduction: NJDG functions as a monitoring tool to identify, manage, and diminish case pendency.
  • Policy Support: Offers timely inputs for policy decisions to expedite case disposal and reduce delays.
  • Court Performance Monitoring: Helps in monitoring court performance, identifying systemic bottlenecks, and serving as an efficient resource management tool.
Linkage with Land Records Data
  • Land Dispute Tracking: NJDG is linked with Land Records data from 26 States, aiding in tracking cases related to land disputes.
International Recognition
  • World Bank Commendation: In the 2018 Ease of Doing Business report, NJDG was praised by the World Bank (WB) for generating case management reports that facilitate contract enforcement.
  • Business Environment Enhancement: This recognition highlights NJDG’s role in improving the business environment through streamlined judicial processes.

April 2024