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About The Nirbhay Cruise Missile


The Indian armed forces will be inducting the long-range attack cruise missile Nirbhay into their inventory to strike targets at ranges over 1,000 km.


GS III: Science and Technology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Nirbhay Cruise Missile

Nirbhay Cruise Missile:

Basic Information:
  • Type: Long-range sub-sonic cruise missile
  • Origin: India’s first indigenously-produced cruise missile
  • Development: Aeronautical Development Establishment, a lab under DRDO (Defence Research and Development Organisation) in Bengaluru
  • Purpose: Capable of deep penetration into adversary territory for precision strikes on high-value targets
  • Range: Can strike land targets up to 1,000 kilometres away
  • Propulsion: Uses a solid propellant booster motor initially, followed by a switch to a turbojet engine
  • Speed and Altitude: Capable of loitering and cruising at Mach 0.7 (sub-sonic) at altitudes as low as 100 metres
Physical Specifications:
  • Dimensions: Measures 6.0 m in length, 0.5 m in body diameter
  • Weight: Weighs 1,500-1,600 kg at launch
  • Warhead: Can be armed with a 200-300 kilogram warhead, accommodating both conventional and nuclear payloads
Launch Platforms:
  • Versatility: Can be launched from multiple platforms
Guidance System:
  • Navigation: Guided by INS/GPS (Inertial Navigation System/Global Positioning System)
  • Target Acquisition: Equipped with an active-radar terminal seeker for precision targeting.

-Source: The Hindu

December 2023