- China will hold discussion on building a defence system against near-earth asteroids – China is stepping up efforts towards realizing its longer term space ambitions.
- China has made space exploration a top priority in recent years, aiming to establish a programme operating thousands of space flights a year and carrying tens of thousands of tonnes of cargo and passengers by 2045.
Prelims, GS-III: Science and Technology (Space technology, Developments in Science and Technology)
Dimensions of the Article:
- What’s the difference between a Comet, Asteroid and Meteor?
- Where asteroids are located?
- International Lunar Research Station: Russia and China
What’s the difference between a Comet, Asteroid and Meteor?
- Asteroid: A relatively small, inactive, rocky body orbiting the Sun.
- Comet: A relatively small, at times active, object whose ices can vaporize in sunlight forming an atmosphere (coma) of dust and gas and, sometimes, a tail of dust and/or gas.
- Meteoroid: A small particle from a comet or asteroid orbiting the Sun.
- Meteor: The light phenomena which results when a meteoroid enters the Earth’s atmosphere and vaporizes; a shooting star.
- Meteorite: A meteoroid that survives its passage through the Earth’s atmosphere and lands upon the Earth’s surface.
Where asteroids are located?
- Most asteroids lie in a vast ring between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.
- Not everything in the main belt is an asteroid, for instance, comets have recently been discovered there, and Ceres, once thought of only as an asteroid, is now also considered a dwarf planet.
- Many asteroids lie outside the main belt. For instance, a number of asteroids called Trojans lie along Jupiter’s orbital path.
- Three groups — Atens, Amors, and Apollos — known as near-Earth asteroids orbit in the inner solar system and sometimes cross the path of Mars and Earth.
International Lunar Research Station: Russia and China
- China and Russia have agreed to build a International Lunar Research Station (ILRS), possibly on the moon’s surface, marking the start of a new era in space cooperation between the two countries.
- The ILRS is a comprehensive scientific experiment base with the capability of long-term autonomous operation.
- The station would be built on the lunar surface and/or on the lunar orbit that would carry out scientific research activities such as the lunar exploration and utilization, lunar-based observation, basic scientific experiment and technical verification.
- Russia and China will adhere to the principle of co-consultation, joint construction, and shared benefits.
- They will facilitate extensive cooperation in the ILRS, open to all interested countries and international partners.
- ILRS will strengthen scientific research exchanges, and promote humanity’s exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes.
-Source: The Hindu