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Current Affairs 26 July 2022

CONTENTS:

  1. Supreme Court Collegium
  2. Kargil Vijay Diwas
  3. Human-Elephant Conflicts
  4. Lumpy Skin Disease

Supreme Court Collegium


Context:

In a significant step to fill vacancies in the higher judiciary, the Supreme Court Collegium headed by Chief Justice N.V. Ramana on Monday approved and recommended to the Centre the proposal for the elevation of 20 advocates and 15 judicial officers as judges in six High Courts.

Relevance:

GS-II: Governance, GS-II: Polity and Constitution

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is the Collegium System?
  2. Working of the Collegium System and NJAC
  3. Appointment procedure of HC Judges
  4. Transfer procedure of HC Judges

Click Here To Read More: Supreme Court Collegium


Kargil Vijay Diwas


Context:

India is celebrating the 23th anniversary of the Kargil Vijay Diwas on 26th July 2022. On this day in 1999, the Kargil War, also known as the Kargil conflict, formally came to an end, with Indian soldiers successfully recapturing mountain heights that had been seized by Pakistani intruders.

Relevance:

GS-I History

Background: History of the conflict

  • After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, there had been a long period with relatively few direct armed conflicts involving the military forces of the two neighbours.
  • During the 1990s escalating tensions and conflict due to separatist activities in Kashmir, as well as the conducting of nuclear tests by both countries in 1998, led to an increasingly belligerent atmosphere.
  • Both countries signed the Lahore Declaration in 1999 promising to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict.
  • During the winter of 1998–1999, some elements of the Pakistani Armed Forces were covertly training and sending Pakistani troops and paramilitary forces, into territory on the Indian side of the line of control (LOC).
  • Initially the Indian troops in the area assumed that the infiltrators were jihadis.
  • Subsequent discovery of infiltration elsewhere along the LOC, along with the difference in tactics employed by the infiltrators, caused the Indian army to realize that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale.

The Government of India responded with Operation Vijay, a mobilization of 200,000 Indian troops. The war came to an official end on July 26, 1999, thus marking it as Kargil Vijay Diwas.

-Source: The Indian Express


Human-Elephant Conflicts


Context:

As per the data released by the Minister of State for Forest, Environment and Climate Change, between 2018-19 and 2020-21, 222 elephants were killed by electrocution across the country, 45 by trains, 29 by poachers and 11 by poisoning.

  • Among tigers, too, 29 were killed by poaching between 2019 and 2021, while 197 tiger deaths are under scrutiny.

Relevance:

GS-III: Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Points
  2. Human-Elephant Conflicts
  3. Way Forwards to prevent Man – Animal Conflicts

Click Here To Read More: Human-Elephant Conflicts


Lumpy Skin Disease


Context:

Cattle herders in western Rajasthan have suffered heavy losses due to an outbreak of the contagious Lumpy Skin Disease (LSD).

Relevance:

GS-II: Health

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. Key Points
  2. About Lumpy Skin Disease

Click Here To Read More: Lumpy Skin Disease


 

 

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