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Girls Are Weighed Down By Restrictions, Boys With Demands- Two Equally Harmful Disciplines – UPSC Mains Essay 2023


Throughout history, society has sculpted rigid molds for both genders. Women have been persistently confined, while men continually burdened by societal expectations. These gender norms, though distinct, pose equally harmful challenges, inhibiting personal and collective progress.


Historical Perspective on Women’s Restrictions:

From ancient civilizations to medieval periods, women’s potential was consistently eclipsed. They were often relegated to domestic chores, their aspirations stifled and ambitions dismissed. However, with changing times, women aspired to breach these barriers.

The glass ceiling concept aptly illustrates this ongoing challenge. This invisible yet palpable barrier has kept numerous women from reaching executive suites or achieving parity in wages, even in professions where they dominate numerically.


Comparing the East and West:

The journey of women’s rights and challenges varies starkly between the East and West, offering insightful perspectives.

Women in India:

Historically, India has seen powerful women figures, like Rani Laxmibai, who have defied norms. However, the larger populace grappled with regressive practices. Even today, issues like dowry, honor killings, and female infanticide rear their ugly heads. Yet, there’s hope.


Modern achievers like Kalpana Chawla in space exploration and PV Sindhu in sports signify a changing landscape. Furthermore, India’s ISRO missions, with significant female scientists’ contributions, debunk the myth of science being a male-dominated field.


While grassroots movements like the Chipko movement initially began as an environmental campaign, its evolution showcased women’s unity against societal and environmental exploitation, offering a beacon of resistance.

Women in the West:

Western societies, despite their progressive outlook, are not without blemishes. While the 20th century marked accelerated advancements in women’s rights, the West still grapples with the glass ceiling, lesser representation in leadership roles, and significant wage gaps.


The Burden on Men:

Parallel to women’s struggles, men face the burden of ‘male superiority.’ This isn’t a privilege but a chain of unspoken rules and expectations. Their journey is often perceived through the lens of the traditional provider role, which boxes them into being the unwavering pillars for their families.


Male Superiority and Societal Demands:

From an early age, men are subtly taught to equate vulnerability with weakness. Emotional expression is frequently suppressed, pigeonholing them into the stoic gender mold. These pressures culminate into significant mental health issues. The high rate of farmer suicides in India, while largely economic, also hints at the deep-seated pressure on men to provide and not falter.


Concept of Anomie and Alienation:

The constant societal pressure has given rise to feelings of isolation and rootlessness among men. Anomie and alienation emerge when societal norms impose such demands that individuals feel adrift, battling internal conflicts. This is evident in the rising suicidal rates among men and the mental health challenges they face, often exacerbated by their reluctance to seek help, thanks to the stereotypes surrounding traditional masculinity.


The Balancing Act:

For societies to flourish, it’s paramount to strike a balance. Women’s achievements, like the valor of the Laxmibai regiment during India’s struggle for independence, or the pioneering contributions of Kalpana Chawla, deserve more than just acknowledgment – they should be celebrated as national pride. Similarly, men should be encouraged to embrace roles beyond the traditional provider labels. Being caregivers, choosing professions perceived as ‘feminine’, or expressing vulnerability should be normalized.



As we stand at the crossroads of tradition and progress, it’s imperative to reassess and recalibrate our gender norms. The essence of society lies not in confining its members but in liberating them. While the struggles of women and men might differ in nature, their root cause remains the same – restrictive societal norms. A holistic, gender-neutral approach is the need of the hour. It’s time for both genders to breathe free, unburdened by archaic expectations, and work cohesively towards a balanced future.

May 2024