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Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives


The Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA) Asia Pacific, in collaboration with other environmental organisations, has called on the ASEAN to take decisive action in response to plastic pollution.


GS: International Relations

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA)
  2. What is Incineration?

About Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives (GAIA)


  • GAIA is a global alliance comprising over 1,000 grassroots organizations, non-governmental entities, and individuals from more than 90 countries.


  • GAIA strives to facilitate a shift from the prevailing linear and extractive economy to a circular system that upholds people’s rights to a safe and healthy environment.


  • The organization envisions a just, zero-waste world grounded in respect for ecological boundaries and community rights.
  • GAIA aims for a future where individuals are liberated from the hazards of toxic pollution and resources are conserved sustainably rather than being incinerated or discarded.


  • GAIA focuses on combating pollution and fostering regenerative solutions in urban areas through local campaigns, policy and finance transformations, research and communication initiatives, and movement building.

Primary Intervention Areas:

  • GAIA concentrates its efforts on four key areas: incineration, zero waste, plastic pollution, and climate change.

What is Incineration?


  • Incineration is the process of burning hazardous materials at high temperatures to eliminate contaminants.


  • The process takes place in a specialized furnace known as an “incinerator,” designed specifically for burning hazardous waste in a controlled combustion chamber.

Materials Treated:

  • A variety of hazardous materials, including soil, sludge, liquids, and gases, can be treated through incineration.


  • While incineration effectively destroys many harmful chemicals like solvents, PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), and pesticides, it does not eliminate metals such as lead and chromium.

Modern Incinerators:

  • Contemporary incinerators are equipped with air pollution control devices, such as fabric filters, scrubbers, and electrostatic precipitators, to remove fly ash and gaseous contaminants.

-Source: Down To Earth

May 2024