Context:

After a gap of more than two and half years Indian and Pakistani delegations began the 116th Meeting of the Permanent Indus Commission.

The positive backdrop of the talks between the two delegation has indicated that the interaction is likely supported by the reported back channel talks that are taking place between India and Pakistan.

Relevance:

GS-II: International Relations (India and its Neighborhood, International Treaties, Policies and Agreements affecting India’s Interests)

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. What is the Permanent Indus Commission?
  2. About the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)
  3. Indus River Basin

What is the Permanent Indus Commission?

  • The Permanent Indus Commission (PIC) is a bilateral commission consisting of officials from India and Pakistan, created to implement and manage the goals and objectives and outlines of the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT).
  • The PIC has experts who look into issues and disputes on the ground over the utilisation of the waters of six rivers of the Indus system.

About the Indus Waters Treaty (IWT)

  • The Indus Waters Treaty is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank, to use the water available in the Indus River and its tributaries.
  • The Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) was signed in Karachi in 1960.
  • The Treaty gives control over the waters of the three “eastern rivers” — the Beas, Ravi and Sutlej to India, while control over the waters of the three “western rivers” — the Indus, Chenab and Jhelum to Pakistan.
  • India was allocated about 16% of the total water carried by the Indus system while Pakistan was allocated the remainder.
  • The treaty allows India to use the Western River waters (the ones in Pakistan’s control) for limited irrigation use and unlimited non-consumptive use for such applications as power generation, navigation, floating of property, fish culture, etc.
  • It lays down detailed regulations for India in building projects over the western rivers.
  • The preamble of the treaty recognises the rights and obligations of each country in the optimum use of water from the Indus system in a spirit of goodwill, friendship and cooperation.
The Indus Water Treaty The 56-year-old Indus Water Treaty between India and Pakistan has been instrumental in the peaceful sharing the water of Indus and its tributaries With the recent spurt of tensions between the two countries and PM Narendra Modi•s statement that "blood and water cannot flow together" Isla LOC rinaga Jammu.& Kashmii H. CHINA Indus River followed by India's decision to suspend meetings Of Indus Water Commission, here is a look at the treaty and its ingredients: Signed on: September 19, 1960 Signatories: Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Pakistan's President Ayub Khan Brokered by: The World Bank e Ouetta PAKISTAN Indus River Punjab aryan Uttarakha Features Arabian .9a Rivers Beas. Ravi and Sutlej to be governed by India while Indus, Chenab and Jhelum by Pakistan India is allowed to use 20 per cent of Indus water for irrigation, power generation and transport purposes Delhi Uttar Pradesh Rajasthan INDI • A permanent body called Indus Water Commission solves disputes arising Over water sharing • River Indus originates from China, but it is not a part of the treaty

Indus River Basin

  • The Indus River (also called the Sindhū) is one of the longest rivers in Asia and the longest river of Pakistan.
  • It flows through China (western Tibet), India (Ladakh) and Pakistan.
  • Its estimated annual flow is estimated to be twice that of the Nile River making it one of the largest rivers in the world in terms of annual flow.
  • The Zanskar river is its left bank tributary in Ladakh.
  • In the plains, its left bank tributary is the Panjnad which itself has five major tributaries, namely, the Chenab, Jhelum, the Ravi, the Beas, and the Sutlej.
  • Its principal right bank tributaries are the Shyok, the Gilgit, the Kabul, the Gomal, and the Kurram.
AFGHANISTAN Kabul Ka ul ochl PAKISTAN Hyderabad S at Isla jne C' Lahor CHINA Srinagar Amri New Delhi INDIA

-Source: The Hindu

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