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Sloth Bear

Context:

Forest officers recently rescued two sloth bears from a village in Jharkhand by the People for Animals organisation.

Relevance:

GS III- Environment and Ecology

Dimensions of the Article:

  1. About Sloth bear
  2. Protection Status
About Sloth bear
  • Sloth bears can be found in lowland parts of Sri Lanka, India, Bhutan, and Nepal.
  • Sloth bears consume termites and ants mostly, and unlike other bear species, they regularly carry their young on their backs.
  • Honey is also a favourite food of theirs, hence the nickname “honey bear.”
  • Sloth bears do not go into hibernation.
  • Melursus ursinus is the scientific name for this species.
  • It is a forest-dwelling bear from the Ursidae family (which includes eight species of bears) that lives in India and Sri Lanka’s tropical and subtropical climates.
Protection Status:
  • IUCN Red List: Vulnerable’
  • CITES listing: Appendix I
  • Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
  • Threats: Habitat loss, poaching for body parts and are sometimes captured for use in performances or hunted because of their aggressive behavior and destruction of crops.

Source: Down to Earth

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September 2022
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