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Social Progress Index (SPI) Report

Focus: GS II: Polity and Governance

Why in News?

Economic Advisory Council to Prime Minister (EAC-PM) will release the Social Progress Index (SPI) for states and districts of India on December 20, 2022.

Social Progress Index (SPI) Report

  • SPI is a broad tool designed to provide a thorough assessment of the social progress the nation has made at the national and sub-national levels.
  • The Social Progress Imperative, led by Michael Green, and the Institute for Competitiveness, under the direction of Dr. Amit Kapoor, prepared the report.
  • It was mandated by Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister of India.
  • The report attempts to present a systematic assessment of the social progress made in the nation at all levels, with state and district-level rankings and scorecards.
  • The paper also discusses the accomplishments of the districts that scored highly on the index and how states contribute to societal advancement.
  • An examination of India’s Aspirational Districts is presented in a separate section of the report, which helps readers gain a deeper knowledge of socioeconomic advancement at the local level.
  • For policymakers to achieve sustained socio-economic growth in the upcoming years, the study will be a vital facilitator and tool.

Components of SPI

  • Basic Human Needs: It assesses the performance of states and districts in terms of Nutrition and Basic Medical Care, Water and Sanitation, Personal Safety and Shelter.
  • Foundations of Wellbeing: It evaluates the progress made by the country across the components of Access to Basic Knowledge, Access to Information and Communication, Health and Wellness, and Environmental Quality.
  • Opportunity: It focuses on aspects of Personal Rights, Personal Freedom and Choice, Inclusiveness, and Access to Advanced Education.

December 2023