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The expansion and strengthening of NATO and a stronger US-Europe strategic partnership works well for India. What is your opinion about this statement ? Give reasons and examples to support your answer.

The dynamics of a fortified NATO and an intensified US-Europe strategic partnership in the global geopolitical context can have multifaceted implications for India. With an evolving power structure on the global stage, India’s strategic interests might find both convergences and challenges in such a strengthened alliance. Delving deeper, we can explore the potential advantages and reservations from India’s perspective.

Supporting the Statement:

  1. Balancing China: As India’s competition and tensions with China grow, a stronger NATO and US-Europe partnership could act as a counterbalance to China’s growing influence, especially if these Western entities prioritize a balance-of-power approach in the Indo-Pacific.
  2. Convergence on Global Terrorism: The strengthening of NATO could lead to a concerted effort in the fight against global terrorism, especially given NATO’s experience in Afghanistan. This can indirectly benefit India, which faces significant challenges from cross-border terrorism.
  3. Technological and Defense Cooperation: A more cohesive US-Europe defense partnership could pave the way for greater defense and technological cooperation with India. This could mean better defense deals, joint research, and even co-production agreements for India.
  4. Multipolarity: A strong NATO and US-Europe strategic partnership might contribute to a multipolar world order, reducing the chances of any single country’s dominance. This aligns with India’s vision of a multipolar global order.


  • The Quad initiative, comprising India, the US, Japan, and Australia, is an example where NATO’s strengthened stance, especially with US backing, can offer diplomatic backing against aggressive moves in the Indo-Pacific.
  • Post the Galwan Valley clashes between India and China in 2020, many NATO members and EU countries showed diplomatic support for India, indicating the strategic alignment of interests.

Cautions and Concerns:

  1. Russia’s Concerns: India has historically maintained a balanced relationship with both Russia and Western nations. The expansion of NATO has been a significant concern for Russia. Thus, India might find itself in a tight spot if it has to choose sides.
  2. Limitation to Western Interests: It’s important to remember that NATO’s primary focus is the security of its member states. If issues do not align with the interests of NATO members, India might not see the support it expects.
  3. Potential for Escalation: NATO’s expansion, especially in areas closer to Russia or China, might lead to regional escalations, which could inadvertently impact India, especially if global supply chains or economic systems are disrupted.


  • India’s defense ties, especially the S-400 missile deal with Russia, has been a point of contention with the US. An expanding NATO might pressurize India more on such issues.
  • The Ukraine crisis and Russia’s annexation of Crimea led to significant tensions between NATO and Russia. If India is perceived as aligning too closely with a strengthening NATO, it might strain India-Russia relations.


While a strengthened NATO and closer US-Europe strategic ties can offer certain advantages to India, especially in balancing China and ensuring a multipolar world, New Delhi needs to tread carefully. The evolving geopolitics requires India to maintain its strategic autonomy, make decisions that align with its national interests, and manage its historic and vital relationship with Russia, even while seeking closer ties with the West.

March 2024