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Constitutional changes in Jammu and Kashmir for UPSC Prelims

  1. J&K UT geography: The new J&K Union Territory will comprise the territories of current Jammu and Kashmir regions
  2. Law and order will remain with the Centre, which now also has the power to declare financial emergency under Article 360 in the state
  3. LG replaces Governor: The Governor of current J&K will be the Lt Governor of the J&K and Ladakh UTs.
  4. J&K to function like Puducherry: The provision of Article 239A applicable to Puducherry UT will be applicable to new J&K Union Territory.
  5. Tenure of Assembly: New Assembly will have a term of 5 years in place of the current six years.
  6. Strength of Assembly: New Assembly will have 107 MLAs. Out of 107 MLAs, 24 seats will be left vacant of PoK region.
  7. Current Assembly: The outgoing Assembly had 111 members, in which 87 were elected members, 2 were nominated, while 24 seats in PoK were left vacant.
  8. Nominated members: Under the new law, LG can nominate two women representatives in the J&K Assembly if he/she feels there is an inadequate female representation.
  9. Rajya Sabha seats: Rajya Sabha to continue to host four sitting members from the current J&K
  10. Lok Sabha Seats: Five Lok Sabha seats have been allocated to J&K Union Territory and one for the Ladakh UT.
  11. The Lieutenant-Governor (LG) can reserve his consent: All the bills passed by the Assembly will be sent to LG for his consent.
  12. LG can give his assent, withhold it or send the bill for consideration of the President.
  13. The Parliament to have primacy: If there is any inconsistency, Law by Parliament will prevail over any law passed by the new Assembly.
  14. Council of minister: CM will have council of ministers consisting not more than 10% of the total members of the Assembly .
  15. J&K state at the 15th position has been deleted from the States List in the First Schedule of the Constitution.
  16. A new entry of J&K UT has been added in the Union Territories list at the 8th position in the First Schedule of the Constitution.
  17. Delimitation: Union government proposes delimitation of J&K Assembly.
  18. Govt proposes to increase number of seats from 107 to 114.
  19. Delimitation would happen on the basis of 2011 census.
  20. High Courts: J&K and Ladakh will continue to have a common High Court.
  21. All the commissions in the state will be dissolved – the state Human Right Commission, women’s commission, information commission, accountability commission, etc.
  22. Government employees in new UTs will now be eligible to get salaries under the 7th pay Commission.
  23. India now has one less state and two more Union Territories, which takes the tally to 28 states and 9 UTs.
  24. New UT J&K will be a one with the legislature while Ladakh will be without one. Ladakh will be directly governed by Centre via appointed Lieutenant Governor.

Related articles:

  1. MINORITY SCHEMES FOR JAMMU AND KASHMIR
  2. Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation (Adaptation of State Laws) Order, 2020
  3. TALKING OF KASHMIR
  4. NO LARGER BENCH FOR ARTICLE 370 CASE
  5. CENTRE DEFINES J&K DOMICILE RULES
  6. CENTRAL LAWS TO APPLY RETROSPECTIVELY IN J&K
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September 2022
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