- Defense Acquisition Council
- India – Indonesia Coordinated Patrol
- Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)
- Hunar Haat
DEFENSE ACQUISITION COUNCIL (DAC)
Focus: GS 3 ;Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.
Why in News?
Big boost to Make in India: Defence Acquisition Council headed by Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh approves proposals to procure equipment worth Rs 27,000 cr from domestic industry
About Defense Acquisition Council (DAC)
- The Defence Acquisition Council is the highest decision-making body in the Defence Ministry for deciding on new policies and capital acquisitions for the three services (Army, Navy and Air Force) and the Indian Coast Guard.
- The Minister of Defence is the Chairman of the Council.
- It was formed, after the Group of Ministers recommendations on ‘Reforming the National Security System’, in 2001, post Kargil War (1999).
- The objective of the Defence Acquisition Council is to ensure expeditious procurement of the approved requirements of the Armed Forces in terms of capabilities sought, and time frame prescribed, by optimally utilizing the allocated budgetary resources.
- There are eight public sector undertakings (PSUs) under the Department of Defence Production and Supplies.
- The provision of ‘Make’ category of capital acquisition in Defence Procurement Procedure is a vital pillar for realizing the vision behind the ‘Make in India’ initiative of the Government, by fostering indigenous capabilities through design & development of required defence equipment/product/systems or upgrades/ sub-systems/components /parts by both public and private sector industry/organization in a faster time frame.
- The focus was on ‘Make in India’ initiative i.e. on indigenous design, development and manufacturing of weapons and equipment.
- The weapons and equipment’s approved under Defense Acquisition Council are Thermal Imaging Night Sights for Assault Rifles, Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft for the Indian Air Force (IAF),P8I long range patrol aircraft for the Indian Navy, Twin Engine Heavy Helicopters (TEHH) for the Indian Coast Guard etc.,
- The composition of the DAC is as follows;-
- Defence Minister: Chairman
- Minister of State for Defence: Member
- Chief of Army Staff: Member
- Chief of Naval Staff: Member
- Chief of Air Staff: Member
- Defence Secretary: Member
- Secretary Defence Research & Development: Member
- Secretary Defence Production: Member
- Chief of Integrated Staff Committees HQ IDS: Member
- Director General (Acquisition): Member
- Dy. Chief of Integrated Defence: Staff Member Secretary
Functions of the Defense Acquisition Council (DAC)
- In-principle approval of 15 Year Long-Term Integrated Perspective Plan for Defence Forces;
- Accord of Acceptance of Necessity to acquisition proposals;
- Categorization of the acquisition proposals relating to ‘Buy’, ‘Buy & Make’ and ‘Make’;
- Issues relating to Single vendor clearance;
- Decision regarding ‘offset’ provisions in respect of acquisition proposals above Rs. 300 crores;
- Decisions regarding Transfer of Technology under ‘Buy & Make’ category of acquisition proposals; and
- Field Trial evaluation.
About Defence Procurement Process (DPP)
- The Defence procurement is the process through which authorities in the field of defence acquire the various goods, services or works they need in order to perform their duties and missions.
- The DPP is a national policy to purchase defence equipment.
- The Defence Procurement Procedure mainly contains processes that needs to be followed to streamline and simplify defence procurement procedures and ultimately achieve the objective of self-reliance in meeting all the security needs of the Indian Armed Forces by promoting indigenous design, development and manufacture of Defence weapon systems and, platforms in a time-bound manner without any delays.
- The Defense Acquisition Council helps in the speedy acquiring of latest weapons in the critical situation time were if possible India has to tackle the two front war.
- Here the role of DAC is critical and If India concentrates more on Make in India too for defense equipment’s production and exports more and more than it will be a win-win situation for India in future, can become a global for Military Production and save the extra Forex reserves and Earn the same in Future.
INDIA – INDONESIA COORDINATED PATROL
Focus: GS 2 ;Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Why in News?
35TH EDITION OF INDIA – INDONESIA COORDINATED PATROL
About India – Indonesia Coordinated Patrol
- The 35th edition of India-Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT) between the Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy is being conducted.
- The CORPAT builds up the understanding and interoperability between navies and facilitates institution of measures to prevent and suppress Illegal Unreported Unregulated (IUU) fishing, drug trafficking, maritime terrorism, armed robbery and piracy.
- The Indian Naval Ship (INS) Kulish, an indigenously built missile corvette along with P8I Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) will undertake coordinated patrol with Indonesian Naval Ship KRI Cut Nyak Dien, a Kapitan Pattimura (Parchim I) class corvette and a MPA of the Indonesian Navy.
- As part of Government of India’s vision of SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region), the Indian Navy has been proactively engaging with countries in the Indian Ocean Region for Coordinated Patrols, cooperation in EEZ Surveillance, Passage exercises and Bilateral/ Multi-lateral exercises, towards enhancing regional maritime security.
- The India and Indonesia have especially enjoyed a close and friendly relationship covering a wide spectrum of activities and interactions, which have strengthened over the years.
- To reinforce maritime links, the two navies have been carrying out CORPAT along their International Maritime Boundary Line since 2002, with the aim of ensuring safety and security of shipping and international trade in the region.
- The strategic significance of Indo-Pacific region for India towards Mineral resources, Economic Growth, Commerce, Maritime trade etc.,
- The 35th IND – INDO CORPAT will contribute towards the Indian Navy’s efforts to consolidate inter-operability and forge strong bonds of friendship across the Indo Pacific.
COALITION FOR DISASTER RESILIENT INFRASTRUCTURE (CDRI)
Focus: GS 3 ;Disaster and disaster management.
Why in News?
Dr. Harsh Vardhan addresses event by Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) and UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)
About the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)
- The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) was created in December 1999 to ensure the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
- The UNDRR (formerly UNISDR) is the United Nations focal point for disaster risk reduction.
- On 1 May 2019, the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction officially changed its acronym to UNDRR (from UNISDR) to better reflect its name.
- The former acronym had not been changed since the office was called the International Strategy for Disaster Risk Reduction
- The UNDRR’s vision is anchored on the four priorities for action set out in the Sendai Framework.
- The UNDRR oversees the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, supporting countries in its implementation, monitoring and sharing what works in reducing existing risk and preventing the creation of new risk.
- The Sendai Framework is a 15-year voluntary people-centred approach to disaster risk reduction, succeeding the 2005-2015 framework (Hyogo Framework).
- As the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction, UNDRR brings governments, partners and communities together to reduce disaster risk and losses to ensure a safer, more sustainable future.
Focus: GS 2 ;Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections
Why in News?
“Hunar Haat” has become an effective mission of the Government to provide “Backup to Brilliance” and “Encouragement to Expertise”: Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi